[Indications for the surgical treatment of esophageal varices hemorrhage].Minerva Chir. 1993 Oct 15; 48(19):1059-67.MC
The authors present their experience in the treatment of acute bleeding from oesophageal varices. From 1983 to 1991, 596 patients underwent sclerotherapy during diagnostic endoscopy; a stop to bleeding was achieved in 512 cases (86%). Twenty-seven surgical emergency decompressive shunts were performed, 14 total portal-systemic and 13 selective; operative mortality was 64% and 54% respectively. One patient was submitted to oesophageal-gastric devascularization. Hundred-sixty elective shunts were performed, 99 total portal-systemic and 61 selective; operative mortality was 8% and 11% respectively. Since 1990 3 patients received liver transplantation. The 5-year survival rate of patients submitted to selective shunts was 46%; the 5-year survival rate of nonalcoholic cirrhotics submitted to shunt SRD was 73%.