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Comorbidity of alcohol and anxiety disorders among college students: effects of gender and family history of alcoholism.
Addict Behav 1993 Sep-Oct; 18(5):543-52AB

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of gender and family history for alcoholism on the co-occurrence of anxiety disorders and alcohol disorders ("comorbidity") in a large university student sample (N = 489). A structured diagnostic interview was used to elicit life-time histories of anxiety disorder (29%) and alcohol disorder (26%). The proportion of subjects receiving an alcohol diagnosis was significantly greater among those with an anxiety diagnosis (39% vs. 21%). Male subjects, as well as those with a parental history of alcoholism, had a significantly greater base-rate of alcohol disorder than did other subjects. However, these factors did not affect the relative increase in risk for an alcohol disorder associated with the presence of an anxiety disorder; that is, these factors did not interact with (i.e., moderate) comorbidity risk. In discussing these results, we emphasize issues relevant to identifying and distinguishing between interaction effects and base-rate effects in comorbidity studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Minnesota, Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Minneapolis 55455.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8310873

Citation

Kushner, M G., and K J. Sher. "Comorbidity of Alcohol and Anxiety Disorders Among College Students: Effects of Gender and Family History of Alcoholism." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 18, no. 5, 1993, pp. 543-52.
Kushner MG, Sher KJ. Comorbidity of alcohol and anxiety disorders among college students: effects of gender and family history of alcoholism. Addict Behav. 1993;18(5):543-52.
Kushner, M. G., & Sher, K. J. (1993). Comorbidity of alcohol and anxiety disorders among college students: effects of gender and family history of alcoholism. Addictive Behaviors, 18(5), pp. 543-52.
Kushner MG, Sher KJ. Comorbidity of Alcohol and Anxiety Disorders Among College Students: Effects of Gender and Family History of Alcoholism. Addict Behav. 1993;18(5):543-52. PubMed PMID: 8310873.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comorbidity of alcohol and anxiety disorders among college students: effects of gender and family history of alcoholism. AU - Kushner,M G, AU - Sher,K J, PY - 1993/9/1/pubmed PY - 1993/9/1/medline PY - 1993/9/1/entrez SP - 543 EP - 52 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 18 IS - 5 N2 - We evaluated the effects of gender and family history for alcoholism on the co-occurrence of anxiety disorders and alcohol disorders ("comorbidity") in a large university student sample (N = 489). A structured diagnostic interview was used to elicit life-time histories of anxiety disorder (29%) and alcohol disorder (26%). The proportion of subjects receiving an alcohol diagnosis was significantly greater among those with an anxiety diagnosis (39% vs. 21%). Male subjects, as well as those with a parental history of alcoholism, had a significantly greater base-rate of alcohol disorder than did other subjects. However, these factors did not affect the relative increase in risk for an alcohol disorder associated with the presence of an anxiety disorder; that is, these factors did not interact with (i.e., moderate) comorbidity risk. In discussing these results, we emphasize issues relevant to identifying and distinguishing between interaction effects and base-rate effects in comorbidity studies. SN - 0306-4603 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8310873/Comorbidity_of_alcohol_and_anxiety_disorders_among_college_students:_effects_of_gender_and_family_history_of_alcoholism_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0306-4603(93)90070-P DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -