Reversible monoamine oxidase-A inhibitors in panic disorder.Clin Neuropharmacol. 1993; 16 Suppl 2:S77-82.CN
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors are known to be effective in panic disorder, but a high incidence of adverse reactions have limited their use. The new, selective, and reversible MAO-A inhibitors exemplified by brofaromine and moclobemide do not require dietary restrictions, have fewer drug interactions, and are better tolerated. This paper reports a randomized, double-blind, 8-week trial in which the efficacy and safety of brofaromine was compared to clomipramine in patients with panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Both treatments achieved a significant and comparable reduction in the number of panic attacks, and were equally effective in all the parameters measured. Side effects were typical of the drug class. Further trials are required to evaluate this promising new treatment.