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The epidemiology of AIDS and HIV infection in Costa Rica.
Bull Pan Am Health Organ. 1993; 27(2):145-50.BP

Abstract

This article describes and assesses the epidemiology of AIDS and HIV infection in Costa Rica. A total of 283 AIDS cases were reported in the country between 1983, when the first cases were diagnosed, and the end of August 1991. This placed Costa Rica third among the seven Central American countries--both in terms of cumulative AIDS incidence and the cumulative number of cases. Despite a continued small number of hemophilia and transfusion-associated AIDS cases, screening of blood and blood products has provided a high degree of safety for the blood supply. The high male:female ratios of reported AIDS cases (11:1) and HIV infections (14:1) and the high proportion of AIDS cases (72%) transmitted by male-to-male sexual contact give grounds for considering Costa Rica to be a Pattern I country--one where the disease is transmitted, primarily among homosexual/bisexual males. However, increasing numbers of heterosexual and perinatal cases, high rates of HIV infection among pregnant women, and existing patterns of bisexuality are consistent with a possible shift toward a Pattern I/II epidemic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of AIDS Control, Ministry of Health, San José, Costa Rica.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8339112

Citation

Elizondo, J, et al. "The Epidemiology of AIDS and HIV Infection in Costa Rica." Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, vol. 27, no. 2, 1993, pp. 145-50.
Elizondo J, Shultz JM, Baum MK, et al. The epidemiology of AIDS and HIV infection in Costa Rica. Bull Pan Am Health Organ. 1993;27(2):145-50.
Elizondo, J., Shultz, J. M., Baum, M. K., & Herrera, G. (1993). The epidemiology of AIDS and HIV infection in Costa Rica. Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, 27(2), 145-50.
Elizondo J, et al. The Epidemiology of AIDS and HIV Infection in Costa Rica. Bull Pan Am Health Organ. 1993;27(2):145-50. PubMed PMID: 8339112.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The epidemiology of AIDS and HIV infection in Costa Rica. AU - Elizondo,J, AU - Shultz,J M, AU - Baum,M K, AU - Herrera,G, PY - 1993/1/1/pubmed PY - 1993/1/1/medline PY - 1993/1/1/entrez KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome KW - Americas KW - Behavior KW - Blood Supply KW - Central America KW - Costa Rica KW - Data Analysis KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Drug Usage KW - Epidemiologic Methods KW - Equipment And Supplies KW - Heterosexuals KW - Hiv Infections KW - Homosexuals KW - Incidence KW - Iv Drug Users KW - Latin America KW - Measurement KW - North America KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Pregnant Women KW - Research Methodology KW - Sex Behavior KW - Viral Diseases SP - 145 EP - 50 JF - Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization JO - Bull Pan Am Health Organ VL - 27 IS - 2 N2 - This article describes and assesses the epidemiology of AIDS and HIV infection in Costa Rica. A total of 283 AIDS cases were reported in the country between 1983, when the first cases were diagnosed, and the end of August 1991. This placed Costa Rica third among the seven Central American countries--both in terms of cumulative AIDS incidence and the cumulative number of cases. Despite a continued small number of hemophilia and transfusion-associated AIDS cases, screening of blood and blood products has provided a high degree of safety for the blood supply. The high male:female ratios of reported AIDS cases (11:1) and HIV infections (14:1) and the high proportion of AIDS cases (72%) transmitted by male-to-male sexual contact give grounds for considering Costa Rica to be a Pattern I country--one where the disease is transmitted, primarily among homosexual/bisexual males. However, increasing numbers of heterosexual and perinatal cases, high rates of HIV infection among pregnant women, and existing patterns of bisexuality are consistent with a possible shift toward a Pattern I/II epidemic. SN - 0085-4638 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8339112/The_epidemiology_of_AIDS_and_HIV_infection_in_Costa_Rica_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/279 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -