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Classification of congenital middle ear anomalies. Report on 144 ears.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1993 Aug; 102(8 Pt 1):606-12.AO

Abstract

The surgical findings in 144 successive ears operated on for congenital conductive hearing loss were analyzed, and the results were evaluated in terms of hearing gain. All the patients underwent middle ear surgery at the University Hospital Nijmegen between 1964 and 1990. A classification system was developed to analyze the findings. Class 1 comprises ears with congenital isolated stapes ankylosis. Class 2 comprises ears with congenital stapes ankylosis in combination with a congenital anomaly of the ossicular chain. Class 3 comprises ears with congenital anomalies of the ossicular chain and at least a mobile stapes footplate. Class 4 comprises ears with aplasia or severe dysplasia of the oval window or round window.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8352484

Citation

Teunissen, E B., and W R. Cremers. "Classification of Congenital Middle Ear Anomalies. Report On 144 Ears." The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology, vol. 102, no. 8 Pt 1, 1993, pp. 606-12.
Teunissen EB, Cremers WR. Classification of congenital middle ear anomalies. Report on 144 ears. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1993;102(8 Pt 1):606-12.
Teunissen, E. B., & Cremers, W. R. (1993). Classification of congenital middle ear anomalies. Report on 144 ears. The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology, 102(8 Pt 1), 606-12.
Teunissen EB, Cremers WR. Classification of Congenital Middle Ear Anomalies. Report On 144 Ears. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1993;102(8 Pt 1):606-12. PubMed PMID: 8352484.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Classification of congenital middle ear anomalies. Report on 144 ears. AU - Teunissen,E B, AU - Cremers,W R, PY - 1993/8/1/pubmed PY - 1993/8/1/medline PY - 1993/8/1/entrez SP - 606 EP - 12 JF - The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology JO - Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol VL - 102 IS - 8 Pt 1 N2 - The surgical findings in 144 successive ears operated on for congenital conductive hearing loss were analyzed, and the results were evaluated in terms of hearing gain. All the patients underwent middle ear surgery at the University Hospital Nijmegen between 1964 and 1990. A classification system was developed to analyze the findings. Class 1 comprises ears with congenital isolated stapes ankylosis. Class 2 comprises ears with congenital stapes ankylosis in combination with a congenital anomaly of the ossicular chain. Class 3 comprises ears with congenital anomalies of the ossicular chain and at least a mobile stapes footplate. Class 4 comprises ears with aplasia or severe dysplasia of the oval window or round window. SN - 0003-4894 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8352484/Classification_of_congenital_middle_ear_anomalies__Report_on_144_ears_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/000348949310200807?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -