Identification of EBNA1 amino acid sequences required for the interaction of the functional elements of the Epstein-Barr virus latent origin of DNA replication.J Virol. 1993 Jun; 67(6):3418-26.JV
Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) activates DNA replication from the Epstein-Barr virus latent origin, oriP. This activation involves the direct interaction of EBNA1 dimers with multiple sites within the two noncontiguous functional elements of the origin, the family of repeats (FR) element and the dyad symmetry (DS) element. The efficient interaction of EBNA1 dimers bound to these two elements in oriP results in the formation of DNA loops in which the FR and DS elements are bound together through EBNA1. In order to elucidate the mechanism by which EBNA1 induces oriP DNA looping, we have investigated the DNA sequences and EBNA1 amino acids required for EBNA1-mediated DNA looping. Using a series of truncation mutants of EBNA1 produced in baculovirus and purified to apparent homogeneity, we have demonstrated that the EBNA1 DNA binding and dimerization domain is not sufficient to mediate oriP DNA looping and that an additional region(s) located between amino acids 346 and 450 is required. Single EBNA1-binding sites, separated by 930 bp of plasmid DNA, were also shown to support EBNA1-mediated looping, indicating that the formation of large EBNA1 complexes, such as those observed on oriP FR and DS elements, is not a requirement for looping.