Inhibition of the signalling enzyme phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase by antitumor ether lipid analogues.Cancer Res. 1993 Sep 15; 53(18):4297-302.CR
Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PtdIns-3-kinase) is an enzyme found associated with many growth factor receptor protein tyrosine kinases and oncogene protein tyrosine kinases. PtdIns-3-kinase appears to be important for mitogenesis and the malignant transformation of cells. The antitumor ether lipid analogue, 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3), was found to be an inhibitor of Swiss mouse 3T3 fibroblast and bovine brain PtdIns-3-kinases. The concentration of ET-18-OCH3 causing 50% inhibition (IC50) was 35 microM. The inhibition of PtdIns-3-kinase by ET-18-OCH3 was noncompetitive with ATP. Other antitumor ether lipid analogues also inhibited PtdIns-3-kinase. The cyclic ether lipid analogue (+/-)-2-(hydroxy[tetrahydro-2-(octadecyloxy)methylfuran-2- yl]methoxyl)phosphinyloxy,N,N,N-trimethyethaniminium hydroxide inhibited with an IC50 of 42 microM and hexadexylphosphocholine with an IC50 of 48 microM. 1-O-Octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-3-glycerophospho-myo- inositol was a weaker inhibitor of PtdIns-3-kinase, with an IC50 of 96 microM and was itself phosphorylated by the enzyme. Lipid extracted from cells grown with ET-18-OCH3 for 18 h showed inhibition of PtdIns-3-kinase with endogenous PtdIns as substrate, with an ET-18-OCH3 IC50 of 18 microM. ET-18-OCH3 inhibited platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate formation by v-sis NIH 3T3 cells with an IC50 of 12.5 microM. The results of the study suggest that inhibition of PtdIns-3-kinase might contribute to the antiproliferative activity of the antitumor ether lipid analogues.