[A comparative biology and dynamic interpretation of necrophilia].Cesk Psychiatr. 1993 Apr; 89(2):98-102.CP
The authors discuss some aspects of Necrophilia based on classic Freudian instinctive theories. Parallels are seen between different levels of life development on Earth and the basic antagonistic drives (Eros and Thanatos) in an attempt to explain this rare and unusual paraphilia. The authors mention, that in unicellular organisms, e.g. Amebas and Schizomycetae, there often does not exist what could be called "the death of an individual", when by splitting two new "individual organisms" are created and no death as such occurs. Here the supposed antagonism of these basic drives-Eros and Thanatos-actually does not manitest itself in the concentional sense. Necrophilia could be interpreted as a regressive desire to return into a phylogenetically older stage of life development, where no individual dies, and life continues without interruption. (On the level of these unicellular organisms, we should speak about "Dividuum" instead of using the classic term "Individuum".) There is some analogy to this regressive desire at a higher level of the biological development in Human society--a magic conviction about the possibility to receive a dead person-common in preliterate cultures. Necrophilia represents an attempt at symbolic unification between antagonistic active and passive drive tendencies and between the Libido and the Destructive instinct.