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Longitudinal relations between temperament traits and behavioral syndromes in middle childhood.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1993 Mar; 32(2):287-90.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study tested Graham and Stevenson's 1987 hypothesis specifying links between EAS (emotionality-activity-sociability) temperament traits and behavioral syndromes of depression, hyperactivity, and delinquency in an unselected sample of 164 children in infancy and early childhood.

METHOD

Mothers completed the Colorado Child Temperament Inventory. Each mother also used the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to report on her child's behavior problems after the child's completion of first grade. Scores on three CBCL scales, anxiety/depression, attention problems, and delinquent behavior, were examined in relation to the EAS traits.

RESULTS

For boys, high emotionality in infancy and early childhood was associated with high scores on both the anxiety/depression and attention problem scales. For girls, both high emotionality and low sociability predicted high scores on the anxiety/depression scale. There were no associations between EAS traits and attention problems for girls. There was little evidence for links between EAS traits and delinquent behavior for either boys or girls.

CONCLUSIONS

The results are discussed with respect to temperamental traits as risk factors for the emergence of behavior problems in childhood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Developmental and Health Genetics, College of Health and Human Development, Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8444756

Citation

Rende, R D.. "Longitudinal Relations Between Temperament Traits and Behavioral Syndromes in Middle Childhood." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 32, no. 2, 1993, pp. 287-90.
Rende RD. Longitudinal relations between temperament traits and behavioral syndromes in middle childhood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1993;32(2):287-90.
Rende, R. D. (1993). Longitudinal relations between temperament traits and behavioral syndromes in middle childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32(2), 287-90.
Rende RD. Longitudinal Relations Between Temperament Traits and Behavioral Syndromes in Middle Childhood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1993;32(2):287-90. PubMed PMID: 8444756.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Longitudinal relations between temperament traits and behavioral syndromes in middle childhood. A1 - Rende,R D, PY - 1993/3/1/pubmed PY - 1993/3/1/medline PY - 1993/3/1/entrez SP - 287 EP - 90 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 32 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study tested Graham and Stevenson's 1987 hypothesis specifying links between EAS (emotionality-activity-sociability) temperament traits and behavioral syndromes of depression, hyperactivity, and delinquency in an unselected sample of 164 children in infancy and early childhood. METHOD: Mothers completed the Colorado Child Temperament Inventory. Each mother also used the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to report on her child's behavior problems after the child's completion of first grade. Scores on three CBCL scales, anxiety/depression, attention problems, and delinquent behavior, were examined in relation to the EAS traits. RESULTS: For boys, high emotionality in infancy and early childhood was associated with high scores on both the anxiety/depression and attention problem scales. For girls, both high emotionality and low sociability predicted high scores on the anxiety/depression scale. There were no associations between EAS traits and attention problems for girls. There was little evidence for links between EAS traits and delinquent behavior for either boys or girls. CONCLUSIONS: The results are discussed with respect to temperamental traits as risk factors for the emergence of behavior problems in childhood. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8444756/Longitudinal_relations_between_temperament_traits_and_behavioral_syndromes_in_middle_childhood_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)65216-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -