Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Measured resting energy expenditure in children.

Abstract

The majority of equations used to predict values for basal metabolic rates (BMRs) are the result of indirect calorimetry measurements performed in the 1930s and 1950s. To assess the reliability of these equations in predicting the resting energy expenditure (REE) of the children in our community, indirect calorimetry was performed on 92 male and 107 female healthy children 2-3 h postprandial. Each individual was measured for a duration of 15-20 min. The data for analysis were obtained from 5-15 min steady-state periods. Subjects ranged in age from 5 to 16 years. The results were compared with BMRs calculated from the Harris-Benedict equation (Harris J, Benedict F. A biometric study of basal metabolism in man. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institute of Washington, publication no. 279, 1919.), the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU) equations, and the equations proposed by Schofield for use by the 1985 FAO/WHO/UNU Nutrition Committee. The values predicted by the FAO/WHO/UNU and Schofield equations were consistent with the measured resting values for all the children in the study population. Ninety-two children weighed between 90-110% of their ideal body weight. When the measured REE and estimated BMR were compared by gender and age in these children, the Schofield equations provided the best estimates. Ninety-four of the study subjects weighed > 110% of their ideal body weight. The predicted estimates by all equations were consistent with the measured values in this subgroup of the population. We conclude that the FAO/WHO/UNU and Schofield equations are reliable estimates of metabolic rate in healthy children when measurement of REE is not possible.

Links

  • Aggregator Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Jonathan Jacques Children's Cancer Center, Memorial Miller Children's Hospital of Long Beach, CA 90801.

    , , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Age Factors
    Analysis of Variance
    Basal Metabolism
    Body Height
    Body Weight
    Calorimetry, Indirect
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Energy Metabolism
    Evaluation Studies as Topic
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Reference Values

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    8450379

    Citation

    Firouzbakhsh, S, et al. "Measured Resting Energy Expenditure in Children." Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 2, 1993, pp. 136-42.
    Firouzbakhsh S, Mathis RK, Dorchester WL, et al. Measured resting energy expenditure in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1993;16(2):136-42.
    Firouzbakhsh, S., Mathis, R. K., Dorchester, W. L., Oseas, R. S., Groncy, P. K., Grant, K. E., & Finklestein, J. Z. (1993). Measured resting energy expenditure in children. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 16(2), pp. 136-42.
    Firouzbakhsh S, et al. Measured Resting Energy Expenditure in Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1993;16(2):136-42. PubMed PMID: 8450379.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Measured resting energy expenditure in children. AU - Firouzbakhsh,S, AU - Mathis,R K, AU - Dorchester,W L, AU - Oseas,R S, AU - Groncy,P K, AU - Grant,K E, AU - Finklestein,J Z, PY - 1993/2/1/pubmed PY - 1993/2/1/medline PY - 1993/2/1/entrez SP - 136 EP - 42 JF - Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition JO - J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. VL - 16 IS - 2 N2 - The majority of equations used to predict values for basal metabolic rates (BMRs) are the result of indirect calorimetry measurements performed in the 1930s and 1950s. To assess the reliability of these equations in predicting the resting energy expenditure (REE) of the children in our community, indirect calorimetry was performed on 92 male and 107 female healthy children 2-3 h postprandial. Each individual was measured for a duration of 15-20 min. The data for analysis were obtained from 5-15 min steady-state periods. Subjects ranged in age from 5 to 16 years. The results were compared with BMRs calculated from the Harris-Benedict equation (Harris J, Benedict F. A biometric study of basal metabolism in man. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institute of Washington, publication no. 279, 1919.), the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU) equations, and the equations proposed by Schofield for use by the 1985 FAO/WHO/UNU Nutrition Committee. The values predicted by the FAO/WHO/UNU and Schofield equations were consistent with the measured resting values for all the children in the study population. Ninety-two children weighed between 90-110% of their ideal body weight. When the measured REE and estimated BMR were compared by gender and age in these children, the Schofield equations provided the best estimates. Ninety-four of the study subjects weighed > 110% of their ideal body weight. The predicted estimates by all equations were consistent with the measured values in this subgroup of the population. We conclude that the FAO/WHO/UNU and Schofield equations are reliable estimates of metabolic rate in healthy children when measurement of REE is not possible. SN - 0277-2116 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8450379/Measured_resting_energy_expenditure_in_children_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=8450379.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -