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Alcohol abstainers: a low-risk group for cancer--a cohort study of Norwegian teetotalers.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1993 Mar-Apr; 2(2):93-7.CE

Abstract

Groups with assumed health-protective life-styles have been studied for several decades, in search of causes for cancer. We have analyzed cancer incidence, total mortality, and cause-specific mortality in Norwegian teetotalers to assess the possible health gains from an alcohol-abstaining life-style. A cohort of 5332 members of the International Organization of Good Templars was followed for 10 years from 1980. The cancer incidence and the cause-specific mortality of the cohort has been compared to that of the total Norwegian population. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for all cancer sites was 74 [95% confidence interval (CI), 64-80] for men and 72 (95% CI, 61-84) for women. For possible alcohol-associated cancers, such as cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, liver, and larynx, the SIR was 43 (95% CI, 17-88) for both sexes combined. For lung cancer the SIR was 57 (95% CI, 37-90) for men and 10 (95% CI, 0-57) for women. When all alcohol- and tobacco-associated cancers were excluded, the SIR for both sexes combined was 79 (95% CI, 69-87). The standardized mortality ratio for total mortality was 81 (95% CI, 65-74). This significant decrease in total mortality was caused by reduced risks for all major causes of death. The study indicates that members of the Norwegian chapter of the International Organization of Good Templars are a low-risk group not only regarding alcohol- and tobacco-associated cancers, but also regarding all other cancers.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8467252

Citation

Kjaerheim, K, et al. "Alcohol Abstainers: a Low-risk Group for Cancer--a Cohort Study of Norwegian Teetotalers." Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, vol. 2, no. 2, 1993, pp. 93-7.
Kjaerheim K, Andersen A, Helseth A. Alcohol abstainers: a low-risk group for cancer--a cohort study of Norwegian teetotalers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1993;2(2):93-7.
Kjaerheim, K., Andersen, A., & Helseth, A. (1993). Alcohol abstainers: a low-risk group for cancer--a cohort study of Norwegian teetotalers. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2(2), 93-7.
Kjaerheim K, Andersen A, Helseth A. Alcohol Abstainers: a Low-risk Group for Cancer--a Cohort Study of Norwegian Teetotalers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1993 Mar-Apr;2(2):93-7. PubMed PMID: 8467252.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol abstainers: a low-risk group for cancer--a cohort study of Norwegian teetotalers. AU - Kjaerheim,K, AU - Andersen,A, AU - Helseth,A, PY - 1993/3/1/pubmed PY - 1993/3/1/medline PY - 1993/3/1/entrez SP - 93 EP - 7 JF - Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology JO - Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev VL - 2 IS - 2 N2 - Groups with assumed health-protective life-styles have been studied for several decades, in search of causes for cancer. We have analyzed cancer incidence, total mortality, and cause-specific mortality in Norwegian teetotalers to assess the possible health gains from an alcohol-abstaining life-style. A cohort of 5332 members of the International Organization of Good Templars was followed for 10 years from 1980. The cancer incidence and the cause-specific mortality of the cohort has been compared to that of the total Norwegian population. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for all cancer sites was 74 [95% confidence interval (CI), 64-80] for men and 72 (95% CI, 61-84) for women. For possible alcohol-associated cancers, such as cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, liver, and larynx, the SIR was 43 (95% CI, 17-88) for both sexes combined. For lung cancer the SIR was 57 (95% CI, 37-90) for men and 10 (95% CI, 0-57) for women. When all alcohol- and tobacco-associated cancers were excluded, the SIR for both sexes combined was 79 (95% CI, 69-87). The standardized mortality ratio for total mortality was 81 (95% CI, 65-74). This significant decrease in total mortality was caused by reduced risks for all major causes of death. The study indicates that members of the Norwegian chapter of the International Organization of Good Templars are a low-risk group not only regarding alcohol- and tobacco-associated cancers, but also regarding all other cancers. SN - 1055-9965 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8467252/Alcohol_abstainers:_a_low_risk_group_for_cancer__a_cohort_study_of_Norwegian_teetotalers_ L2 - http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=8467252 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -