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Sexual risk and perception of risk for HIV infection among multiethnic family-planning clients.
Am J Prev Med. 1993 Mar-Apr; 9(2):92-5.AJ

Abstract

Little is known about the relationship among having risks for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, perceiving oneself at risk, and initiating risk reduction for young sexually active women. We surveyed a multiethnic sample of 267 young-adult female family planning clients attending Planned Parenthood clinics to determine these relationships. Perceiving oneself at risk was significantly associated with having sex outside of a primary relationship in the past year, with having five or more sexual partners in the last five years, and with having a primary partner who has other partners. We found no significant relationship between perceiving oneself at risk and adopting risk-reduction strategies, such as inquiring about a partner's risks or using condoms. These data suggest that the women in this population may be overly optimistic about their invulnerability to HIV. While those women who perceived themselves to be at risk for becoming sexually infected with HIV were more likely to report high-risk behaviors, perception of risk did not motivate these women to adopt low-risk behavior. These data suggest that simple HIV education and acknowledgement may have little effect on reducing exposure to HIV among the women in this population. Alternative strategies for reducing risk must be explored.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco 94105.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8471276

Citation

Eversley, R B., et al. "Sexual Risk and Perception of Risk for HIV Infection Among Multiethnic Family-planning Clients." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 9, no. 2, 1993, pp. 92-5.
Eversley RB, Newstetter A, Avins A, et al. Sexual risk and perception of risk for HIV infection among multiethnic family-planning clients. Am J Prev Med. 1993;9(2):92-5.
Eversley, R. B., Newstetter, A., Avins, A., Beirnes, D., Haynes-Sanstad, K., & Hearst, N. (1993). Sexual risk and perception of risk for HIV infection among multiethnic family-planning clients. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 9(2), 92-5.
Eversley RB, et al. Sexual Risk and Perception of Risk for HIV Infection Among Multiethnic Family-planning Clients. Am J Prev Med. 1993 Mar-Apr;9(2):92-5. PubMed PMID: 8471276.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sexual risk and perception of risk for HIV infection among multiethnic family-planning clients. AU - Eversley,R B, AU - Newstetter,A, AU - Avins,A, AU - Beirnes,D, AU - Haynes-Sanstad,K, AU - Hearst,N, PY - 1993/3/1/pubmed PY - 1993/3/1/medline PY - 1993/3/1/entrez KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome KW - Americas KW - Barrier Methods KW - Behavior KW - California KW - Cdc KW - Condom KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Methods KW - Cultural Background KW - Delivery Of Health Care KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developed Countries KW - Diseases KW - Ethnic Groups KW - Family Planning KW - Family Planning Centers KW - Government Agencies KW - Health KW - Health Facilities KW - Hiv Infections KW - Infections KW - North America KW - Northern America KW - Organizations KW - Perception KW - Population KW - Population At Risk KW - Population Characteristics KW - Psychological Factors KW - Reproductive Tract Infections KW - Research Methodology KW - Risk Reduction Behavior KW - Sexually Transmitted Diseases KW - United States KW - Usphs KW - Viral Diseases SP - 92 EP - 5 JF - American journal of preventive medicine JO - Am J Prev Med VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - Little is known about the relationship among having risks for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, perceiving oneself at risk, and initiating risk reduction for young sexually active women. We surveyed a multiethnic sample of 267 young-adult female family planning clients attending Planned Parenthood clinics to determine these relationships. Perceiving oneself at risk was significantly associated with having sex outside of a primary relationship in the past year, with having five or more sexual partners in the last five years, and with having a primary partner who has other partners. We found no significant relationship between perceiving oneself at risk and adopting risk-reduction strategies, such as inquiring about a partner's risks or using condoms. These data suggest that the women in this population may be overly optimistic about their invulnerability to HIV. While those women who perceived themselves to be at risk for becoming sexually infected with HIV were more likely to report high-risk behaviors, perception of risk did not motivate these women to adopt low-risk behavior. These data suggest that simple HIV education and acknowledgement may have little effect on reducing exposure to HIV among the women in this population. Alternative strategies for reducing risk must be explored. SN - 0749-3797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8471276/Sexual_risk_and_perception_of_risk_for_HIV_infection_among_multiethnic_family_planning_clients_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -