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Effects of the individual saturated fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoprotein concentrations.
Am J Clin Nutr 1993; 57(5 Suppl):711S-714SAJ

Abstract

A mixture of dietary saturated fatty acids raises the serum total cholesterol concentrations compared with a diet of isoenergetic amounts of carbohydrates. Saturated fatty acids are not all equally hypercholesterolemic: stearic acid (18:0) and saturated fatty acids with < 12 carbon atoms are thought not to raise serum cholesterol concentrations. This suggest that the cholesterol-raising properties of saturated fatty acids should be attributed solely to lauric acid (12:0), myristic acid (14:0), and palmitic acid (16:0). These three saturated fatty acids, however, may have different effects on serum total-cholesterol concentrations as well. Results from controlled dietary experiments suggest that lauric acid (12:0) is less, and myristic acid (14:0) probably more, hypercholesterolemic than palmitic acid (16:0). Effects of the different saturated fatty acids on the distribution of cholesterol over the various lipoproteins are largely unknown, but it is suggested that stearic acid lowers HDL cholesterol concentrations relative to other saturated fatty acids. At present, however, too many questions are unanswered to quantitate these differences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Biology, Limburg University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8475888

Citation

Mensink, R P.. "Effects of the Individual Saturated Fatty Acids On Serum Lipids and Lipoprotein Concentrations." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 5 Suppl, 1993, 711S-714S.
Mensink RP. Effects of the individual saturated fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoprotein concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993;57(5 Suppl):711S-714S.
Mensink, R. P. (1993). Effects of the individual saturated fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoprotein concentrations. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(5 Suppl), 711S-714S. doi:10.1093/ajcn/57.5.711S.
Mensink RP. Effects of the Individual Saturated Fatty Acids On Serum Lipids and Lipoprotein Concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993;57(5 Suppl):711S-714S. PubMed PMID: 8475888.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of the individual saturated fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoprotein concentrations. A1 - Mensink,R P, PY - 1993/5/1/pubmed PY - 1993/5/1/medline PY - 1993/5/1/entrez SP - 711S EP - 714S JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 57 IS - 5 Suppl N2 - A mixture of dietary saturated fatty acids raises the serum total cholesterol concentrations compared with a diet of isoenergetic amounts of carbohydrates. Saturated fatty acids are not all equally hypercholesterolemic: stearic acid (18:0) and saturated fatty acids with < 12 carbon atoms are thought not to raise serum cholesterol concentrations. This suggest that the cholesterol-raising properties of saturated fatty acids should be attributed solely to lauric acid (12:0), myristic acid (14:0), and palmitic acid (16:0). These three saturated fatty acids, however, may have different effects on serum total-cholesterol concentrations as well. Results from controlled dietary experiments suggest that lauric acid (12:0) is less, and myristic acid (14:0) probably more, hypercholesterolemic than palmitic acid (16:0). Effects of the different saturated fatty acids on the distribution of cholesterol over the various lipoproteins are largely unknown, but it is suggested that stearic acid lowers HDL cholesterol concentrations relative to other saturated fatty acids. At present, however, too many questions are unanswered to quantitate these differences. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8475888/Effects_of_the_individual_saturated_fatty_acids_on_serum_lipids_and_lipoprotein_concentrations_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/57.5.711S DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -