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Pre-admission credentials and dental school performance of dental hygienists.
J Dent Educ. 1993 Apr; 57(4):306-11.JD

Abstract

This study examined the effect of dental hygiene preparation prior to entering dental school on dental school performance. Study participants included 203 female students who entered a public dental school from 1980-1989. Groups 1 and 2 had completed dental school prerequisites and a dental hygiene curriculum in a community college setting (n = 19) or university setting (n = 22) respectively, and Group 3 (n = 162) were traditional students with no dental hygiene education. Preadmission variables were predental science and non-science grade point averages (GPA) and Dental Admission Test (DAT) scores. Performance variables were GPA of years one and two of dental school and National Board scores (Part 1). Results showed that Group 2 hygienists had significantly lower predental science GPAs than Group 1 or 3 and significantly lower non-science GPAs than Group 3 (p < 0). Both groups of hygienists had significantly lower DAT scores than Group 3 (p < 0). No difference was seen in first and second year GPAs or the National Board average. Adjusting performance scores to compensate for deficiencies in preadmission variables showed that Group 2 hygienists had significantly higher adjusted first-year GPAs and National Board averages than Group 3 (p < 0). Thus, hygienists performed as well as non-hygienists in spite of weaker admission credentials.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dental Ecology, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7450.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8482741

Citation

Mauriello, S M., et al. "Pre-admission Credentials and Dental School Performance of Dental Hygienists." Journal of Dental Education, vol. 57, no. 4, 1993, pp. 306-11.
Mauriello SM, George JM, May KN. Pre-admission credentials and dental school performance of dental hygienists. J Dent Educ. 1993;57(4):306-11.
Mauriello, S. M., George, J. M., & May, K. N. (1993). Pre-admission credentials and dental school performance of dental hygienists. Journal of Dental Education, 57(4), 306-11.
Mauriello SM, George JM, May KN. Pre-admission Credentials and Dental School Performance of Dental Hygienists. J Dent Educ. 1993;57(4):306-11. PubMed PMID: 8482741.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pre-admission credentials and dental school performance of dental hygienists. AU - Mauriello,S M, AU - George,J M, AU - May,K N,Jr PY - 1993/4/1/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1993/4/1/entrez SP - 306 EP - 11 JF - Journal of dental education JO - J Dent Educ VL - 57 IS - 4 N2 - This study examined the effect of dental hygiene preparation prior to entering dental school on dental school performance. Study participants included 203 female students who entered a public dental school from 1980-1989. Groups 1 and 2 had completed dental school prerequisites and a dental hygiene curriculum in a community college setting (n = 19) or university setting (n = 22) respectively, and Group 3 (n = 162) were traditional students with no dental hygiene education. Preadmission variables were predental science and non-science grade point averages (GPA) and Dental Admission Test (DAT) scores. Performance variables were GPA of years one and two of dental school and National Board scores (Part 1). Results showed that Group 2 hygienists had significantly lower predental science GPAs than Group 1 or 3 and significantly lower non-science GPAs than Group 3 (p < 0). Both groups of hygienists had significantly lower DAT scores than Group 3 (p < 0). No difference was seen in first and second year GPAs or the National Board average. Adjusting performance scores to compensate for deficiencies in preadmission variables showed that Group 2 hygienists had significantly higher adjusted first-year GPAs and National Board averages than Group 3 (p < 0). Thus, hygienists performed as well as non-hygienists in spite of weaker admission credentials. SN - 0022-0337 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8482741/Pre_admission_credentials_and_dental_school_performance_of_dental_hygienists_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -