Risk of complication in perforated duodenal ulcer operations according to the surgical technique employed.Am Surg. 1993 May; 59(5):312-4.AS
We prospectively analyzed a homogeneous group of 65 patients with perforated duodenal ulcer whose medical condition (no perioperative shock, no associated disease, underwent laparotomy within 12 hours after perforation, and an APACHE II score below 11) would have little effect on the outcome of surgery to study the influence of the surgical procedure (suture closure, vagotomy, or gastrectomy) on the morbidity and mortality rate. Thirty-three patients (51%) underwent vagotomy, 25 (38%) simple suture closure, and seven (11%) gastrectomy. Five patients (8%) suffered postoperative complications, two (3%) required further operation, and one (1.5%) died of pulmonary sepsis. Statistical analyses revealed that "vagotomy" presented significantly better results than did "simple suture" and "gastrectomy" that had similar results. The type of surgery, however, was not a significant risk factor in predicting complications in this sample. This study points out the need to stratify the perforated duodenal ulcer patients for accurate investigations. It also shows that definitive operations (gastrectomy or vagotomy) do not increase surgical risk in this group of patients, and, considering the poorer results with simple suture closure compared to vagotomy, the latter is an attractive option because it also treats the underlying ulcer disease.