Anergic disseminated toxoplasmosis in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Cerebral toxoplasmosis is the most common cause of focal brain disease in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A 24-year-old human immunodeficiency virus-infected woman with two previous episodes of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia presented with diarrhea and fever. Despite antibiotic treatment, septic shock developed, and she died 3 weeks after the symptoms began. Histologic and histochemical studies revealed an anergic toxoplasmosis with dissemination in all examined organs. There were multiple foci of toxoplasmic cysts and free tachyzoites, sometimes with minute areas of necrosis, but no inflammatory reaction at all. Since effective treatment of toxoplasmosis is available, the occurrence of this rare form of toxoplasmosis should be kept in mind.
Institute of Pathology, Auguste-Viktoria-Krankenhaus, Berlin, Germany.,
MeSHAIDS Dementia Complex
Pub Type(s)Case Reports