In vivo viral and cellular Jun complexes exhibit differential interaction with a number of in vitro generated 'AP-1- and CREB-like' target sequences.Oncogene. 1993 Jul; 8(7):1895-903.O
A direct comparison of the relative DNA-binding capabilities of in vivo Jun-containing complexes derived from overexpression of the highly transforming viral Jun (VJ-1 CEF), the weakly transforming chicken cellular Jun (CJ-3 CEF) or background endogenous Jun (RCAS CEF) was assessed by gel mobility-shift assays using a synthetic oligonucleotide containing the consensus sequence TGACTCA (consensus AP-1). Chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs) expressing background c-Jun levels (RCAS CEF) contain almost undetectable levels of c-Jun but retain significant DNA-binding activity with two distinct complexes capable of binding specifically to the consensus AP-1 site. CEFs overexpressing either v-Jun or c-Jun contain these same two complexes and, while showing marked increases in Jun protein levels, do not exhibit any increase in DNA binding or transcriptional activation activity, suggesting that much of the overexpressed protein is inactive. Gel-shift assays performed in the presence of a Jun-specific antibody revealed a reduction in binding by both complexes, suggesting that each contains Jun or a Jun cross-reactive protein. Antibodies specific for Jun B, c-Fos, Fos B and CREB failed to interact with either complex. However, antibody specific for Fra-2 caused a slight supershift, suggesting that one or both complexes may contain Fra-2. Gel-shift competition assays with 16 'AP-1- and CREB-like' target sequences revealed that, within each cell type, the two protein complexes varied in their ability to recognize the mutant target sequences. These results clearly indicate differences in potential target recognition by each specific in vivo complex, and suggest that each may preferentially bind its own subset of target DNAs. In addition, a comparison of binding by individual complexes derived from CEFs overexpressing v-Jun and c-Jun also revealed differences in target recognition. Thus, in vivo complexes formed by overexpression of v-Jun and c-Jun vary in their ability to recognize and bind to a number of 'AP-1- and CREB-like' target sequences. This has important implications with regard to the mechanisms involved in cell transformation by v-Jun.