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Facilitation of learning following injection of the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan biglycan into the vicinity of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis.
Behav Brain Res. 1995 Sep; 70(1):59-67.BB

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of biglycan, a small chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan with neurotrophic activity, on memory and reinforcement upon unilateral injection into the region of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM). In experiment 1, rats with chronically implanted cannulas were injected with biglycan and tested on the uphill avoidance task, which involves punishment of a high-probability turning response on a tilted platform (negative geotaxis). Immediately after the training trial, that is, after a tail-shock was administered upon performing the response, rats received one microinjection (0.5 microliter) of substance P (SP) in a reference dosage of 0.74 pmol or biglycan (doses ranging from 1.3 to 1300.0 nmol) into the NBM region. When tested 24 h later, rats treated with SP (0.74 pmol) or biglycan (2.1 and 2.6 nmol) had significantly longer uphill latencies than vehicle (PBS) controls, indicative of superior learning of the avoidance response. In experiment 2, a test for possible proactive effects of post-trial biglycan on performance during the retention trial was performed. Furthermore, the uphill avoidance task was combined with a conditioned place preference task to assess possible reinforcing effects of biglycan. Rats were injected with either 2.6 or 130.0 nmol biglycan immediately after the training trial of the uphill task. One control group received 2.6 nmol biglycan 5 h after the trial, a second group was sham-operated. Additional groups were included which received biglycan (2.6 or 130.0 nmol), SP (0.74 pmol) or PBS after the training trial but no tail-shock.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Physiological Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8519429

Citation

Hasenöhrl, R U., et al. "Facilitation of Learning Following Injection of the Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycan Biglycan Into the Vicinity of the Nucleus Basalis Magnocellularis." Behavioural Brain Research, vol. 70, no. 1, 1995, pp. 59-67.
Hasenöhrl RU, Frisch C, Junghans U, et al. Facilitation of learning following injection of the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan biglycan into the vicinity of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis. Behav Brain Res. 1995;70(1):59-67.
Hasenöhrl, R. U., Frisch, C., Junghans, U., Müller, H. W., & Huston, J. P. (1995). Facilitation of learning following injection of the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan biglycan into the vicinity of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis. Behavioural Brain Research, 70(1), 59-67.
Hasenöhrl RU, et al. Facilitation of Learning Following Injection of the Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycan Biglycan Into the Vicinity of the Nucleus Basalis Magnocellularis. Behav Brain Res. 1995;70(1):59-67. PubMed PMID: 8519429.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Facilitation of learning following injection of the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan biglycan into the vicinity of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis. AU - Hasenöhrl,R U, AU - Frisch,C, AU - Junghans,U, AU - Müller,H W, AU - Huston,J P, PY - 1995/9/1/pubmed PY - 1995/9/1/medline PY - 1995/9/1/entrez SP - 59 EP - 67 JF - Behavioural brain research JO - Behav Brain Res VL - 70 IS - 1 N2 - The aim of this study was to examine the effects of biglycan, a small chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan with neurotrophic activity, on memory and reinforcement upon unilateral injection into the region of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM). In experiment 1, rats with chronically implanted cannulas were injected with biglycan and tested on the uphill avoidance task, which involves punishment of a high-probability turning response on a tilted platform (negative geotaxis). Immediately after the training trial, that is, after a tail-shock was administered upon performing the response, rats received one microinjection (0.5 microliter) of substance P (SP) in a reference dosage of 0.74 pmol or biglycan (doses ranging from 1.3 to 1300.0 nmol) into the NBM region. When tested 24 h later, rats treated with SP (0.74 pmol) or biglycan (2.1 and 2.6 nmol) had significantly longer uphill latencies than vehicle (PBS) controls, indicative of superior learning of the avoidance response. In experiment 2, a test for possible proactive effects of post-trial biglycan on performance during the retention trial was performed. Furthermore, the uphill avoidance task was combined with a conditioned place preference task to assess possible reinforcing effects of biglycan. Rats were injected with either 2.6 or 130.0 nmol biglycan immediately after the training trial of the uphill task. One control group received 2.6 nmol biglycan 5 h after the trial, a second group was sham-operated. Additional groups were included which received biglycan (2.6 or 130.0 nmol), SP (0.74 pmol) or PBS after the training trial but no tail-shock.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0166-4328 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8519429/Facilitation_of_learning_following_injection_of_the_chondroitin_sulfate_proteoglycan_biglycan_into_the_vicinity_of_the_nucleus_basalis_magnocellularis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0166-4328(94)00183-G DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -