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[Does nitric oxide stress exist?].
C R Seances Soc Biol Fil. 1995; 189(3):389-400.CR

Abstract

Ten years ago, the term "oxidative stress" (sigma -O2) was created to define oxidative damage inflicted to the organism. This definition brings together processes involving reactive oxygen species production and action such as free radical production during univalent reduction of oxygen within mitochondria, activation of NADPH-dependent oxidase system on the membrane surface of neutrophils, flavoprotein-catalyzed redox cycling of xenobiotics and exposure to chemical and physical agents in the environment. Since the discovery of the nitric oxide biosynthetic pathway, the deleterious effects of uncontrolled nitric oxide generation are generally classified as oxidative stress. Indeed, products of the reaction of NO and superoxide lead to oxidants such as peroxinitrite, nitrogen dioxide and hydroxyl radical, which are involved in mechanisms of cell-mediated immune reactions and defence of the intracellular environment against microbiol invasion. However NO can also regulate many biological reactions and signal transduction pathways that lead to a variety of physiological responses such as blood pressure, neurotransmission, platelet aggregation, endothelin generation or smooth muscle cell proliferation. Then the uncontrolled NO production can lead to a variety of physiological and pathophysiological responses similar to a Nitric Oxide Stress: activation of guanylate cyclase and production of cGMP: overstimulation of the inducible L-arginine to L-citrulline and NO pathway by bactericidal endotoxins and cytokines has been shown to promote undesired increases in vasodilatation, which may account for hypotension in septic shock and cytokine therapy. stimulation of auto-ADP-ribosylation and modification of SH-groups of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in a cGMP-independent mechanism: by this way, NO in excess can strongly inhibits this important glycolytic enzyme and reduce the cellular energy production. inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase: extensive inhibition of this key enzyme in DNA synthesis in the presence of large amounts of NO could lead to important antiproliferative effects; inhibition of cytochrome P450-dependent metabolism: in Kupffer cells and hepatocytes, LPS-induced overproduction of NO has been shown to inhibit cytochrome P450-dependent metabolism and to mediate the suppression of hepatic metabolism. Moreover, NO synthetized in the peripheral nervous system is known to mediate nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission. Overstimulation of NO synthases might therefore contribute to pathophysiological states such as: gastrointestinal motility, reflux oesophagitis, asthma, adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and chronic pulmonary artery hypertension. To these NO-mediated biological functions, one could add the biological effects of NO-derivatives such as N-nitrosocompounds, which act as carcinogenic agents, or C-nitrosocompound which were recently used as "zinc-ejecting" agents to inhibit HIV-1 infectivity of human T-lymphocytes.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM U58, Montpellier.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

fre

PubMed ID

8521087

Citation

Torreilles, J, and M C. Guérin. "[Does Nitric Oxide Stress Exist?]." Comptes Rendus Des Seances De La Societe De Biologie Et De Ses Filiales, vol. 189, no. 3, 1995, pp. 389-400.
Torreilles J, Guérin MC. [Does nitric oxide stress exist?]. C R Seances Soc Biol Fil. 1995;189(3):389-400.
Torreilles, J., & Guérin, M. C. (1995). [Does nitric oxide stress exist?]. Comptes Rendus Des Seances De La Societe De Biologie Et De Ses Filiales, 189(3), 389-400.
Torreilles J, Guérin MC. [Does Nitric Oxide Stress Exist?]. C R Seances Soc Biol Fil. 1995;189(3):389-400. PubMed PMID: 8521087.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Does nitric oxide stress exist?]. AU - Torreilles,J, AU - Guérin,M C, PY - 1995/1/1/pubmed PY - 1995/1/1/medline PY - 1995/1/1/entrez SP - 389 EP - 400 JF - Comptes rendus des seances de la Societe de biologie et de ses filiales JO - C R Seances Soc Biol Fil VL - 189 IS - 3 N2 - Ten years ago, the term "oxidative stress" (sigma -O2) was created to define oxidative damage inflicted to the organism. This definition brings together processes involving reactive oxygen species production and action such as free radical production during univalent reduction of oxygen within mitochondria, activation of NADPH-dependent oxidase system on the membrane surface of neutrophils, flavoprotein-catalyzed redox cycling of xenobiotics and exposure to chemical and physical agents in the environment. Since the discovery of the nitric oxide biosynthetic pathway, the deleterious effects of uncontrolled nitric oxide generation are generally classified as oxidative stress. Indeed, products of the reaction of NO and superoxide lead to oxidants such as peroxinitrite, nitrogen dioxide and hydroxyl radical, which are involved in mechanisms of cell-mediated immune reactions and defence of the intracellular environment against microbiol invasion. However NO can also regulate many biological reactions and signal transduction pathways that lead to a variety of physiological responses such as blood pressure, neurotransmission, platelet aggregation, endothelin generation or smooth muscle cell proliferation. Then the uncontrolled NO production can lead to a variety of physiological and pathophysiological responses similar to a Nitric Oxide Stress: activation of guanylate cyclase and production of cGMP: overstimulation of the inducible L-arginine to L-citrulline and NO pathway by bactericidal endotoxins and cytokines has been shown to promote undesired increases in vasodilatation, which may account for hypotension in septic shock and cytokine therapy. stimulation of auto-ADP-ribosylation and modification of SH-groups of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in a cGMP-independent mechanism: by this way, NO in excess can strongly inhibits this important glycolytic enzyme and reduce the cellular energy production. inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase: extensive inhibition of this key enzyme in DNA synthesis in the presence of large amounts of NO could lead to important antiproliferative effects; inhibition of cytochrome P450-dependent metabolism: in Kupffer cells and hepatocytes, LPS-induced overproduction of NO has been shown to inhibit cytochrome P450-dependent metabolism and to mediate the suppression of hepatic metabolism. Moreover, NO synthetized in the peripheral nervous system is known to mediate nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission. Overstimulation of NO synthases might therefore contribute to pathophysiological states such as: gastrointestinal motility, reflux oesophagitis, asthma, adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and chronic pulmonary artery hypertension. To these NO-mediated biological functions, one could add the biological effects of NO-derivatives such as N-nitrosocompounds, which act as carcinogenic agents, or C-nitrosocompound which were recently used as "zinc-ejecting" agents to inhibit HIV-1 infectivity of human T-lymphocytes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0037-9026 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8521087/[Does_nitric_oxide_stress_exist]_ L2 - https://antibodies.cancer.gov/detail/CPTC-GAPDH-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -