Sustained cytokine production and immunophenotypic changes in human neuroblastoma cell lines transduced with a human gamma interferon vector.Cancer Gene Ther. 1995 Sep; 2(3):171-81.CG
The majority of human neuroblastomas express low to undetectable levels of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and II antigens (MHC-I and -II). We studied the effects of gamma interferon (gamma-IFN) transduction on expression of these antigens in six human neuroblastoma cell lines with and without genomic amplification of the N-myc oncogene. All six were stably transduced with an MoMLV-based gamma-IFN retroviral vector (DAh gamma-IFN). G418-resistant cells were assayed for MHC-I, MHC-II, B7-1, and neuroblastoma-associated antigen expression, as well as for gamma-IFN levels in cell culture supernatants. Sustained gamma-IFN production, 2 to > 1000 units/10(6) cells/d, was attained for five of six transduced cell lines and persisted for up to 9 months. This resulted in marked upregulation of MHC-I and MHC-II expression in LA-N-1, LA-N-6, and CHLA-127 cells and moderate upregulation in SK-N-Fi and SK-N-AS cells. One cell line (LA-N-1) had marked induction of MHC-I and MHC-II despite marginal levels of gamma-IFN production. Expression of CD28 ligand B7-1 (as determined by BB1 antibody) remained unchanged in all gamma-IFN-transduced cell lines tested. Expression of several neuroblastoma-associated antigens (NKH1A, 126-4, HSAN 1.2, HNK, 459, and 390) was upregulated in some of the gamma-IFN-transduced cell lines. These results demonstrate that preparation of gamma-IFN expressing neuroblastoma cells for immunotherapeutic purposes is feasible and that gamma-IFN transduction results in phenotypic changes that may improve immunogenicity of human neuroblastoma cells.