Carrageenans from the tetrasporic stages of Gigartina clavifera and Gigartina alveata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta).Carbohydr Res. 1995 Oct 16; 276(1):155-65.CR
Modern chemical and spectroscopic techniques have been used to characterise the polysaccharides extracted from the tetrasporic life stages of Gigartina clavifera and Gigartina alveata. Both are predominantly xi-carrageenans. About one in six of the 3-linked residues in both polysaccharides also have a pyruvate acetal group at the 4- and 6-positions. In addition, a similar proportion of the 4-linked units of each polysaccharide are devoid of sulfate groups, whilst more have sulfate esters on both O-2 and O-6. Some of the 3-linked units contain a sulfate at the 6-position in addition to that at O-2. The polysaccharide from tetrasporophytic G. alveata also contains a small but significant number of 3,6-anhydrogalactosyl units, most of which are naturally sulfated at the 2-position.