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Legionnaires' disease surveillance: England and Wales 1994.
Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev. 1995 Nov 10; 5(12):R180-3.CD

Abstract

One hundred and sixty cases of legionnaires' disease in England and Wales were reported to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in 1994, a rate of 3.1 cases per million population. Twenty-seven cases died. Eighty-nine cases (56%) were associated with travel, either in the United Kingdom (UK) or abroad, and six with a stay in hospital; the remaining cases were presumed to have acquired infection in the community. Seven outbreaks were detected in England and Wales: one was associated with a holiday centre, one with a hotel in London, two with industrial sites, and three occurred in the community. A further four clusters were associated with travel abroad: Spain, Ibiza, the Channel Islands, and a Mediterranean cruise. One hundred and twenty-eight of the 160 cases (79%) were sporadic--that is, not known to be associated with outbreaks--43 of which (34%) were not associated with travel nor acquired in hospital.

Authors+Show Affiliations

PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8541939

Citation

Joseph, C A., et al. "Legionnaires' Disease Surveillance: England and Wales 1994." Communicable Disease Report. CDR Review, vol. 5, no. 12, 1995, pp. R180-3.
Joseph CA, Hutchinson EJ, Dedman D, et al. Legionnaires' disease surveillance: England and Wales 1994. Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev. 1995;5(12):R180-3.
Joseph, C. A., Hutchinson, E. J., Dedman, D., Birtles, R. J., Watson, J. M., & Bartlett, C. L. (1995). Legionnaires' disease surveillance: England and Wales 1994. Communicable Disease Report. CDR Review, 5(12), R180-3.
Joseph CA, et al. Legionnaires' Disease Surveillance: England and Wales 1994. Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev. 1995 Nov 10;5(12):R180-3. PubMed PMID: 8541939.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Legionnaires' disease surveillance: England and Wales 1994. AU - Joseph,C A, AU - Hutchinson,E J, AU - Dedman,D, AU - Birtles,R J, AU - Watson,J M, AU - Bartlett,C L, PY - 1995/11/10/pubmed PY - 1995/11/10/medline PY - 1995/11/10/entrez SP - R180 EP - 3 JF - Communicable disease report. CDR review JO - Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev VL - 5 IS - 12 N2 - One hundred and sixty cases of legionnaires' disease in England and Wales were reported to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in 1994, a rate of 3.1 cases per million population. Twenty-seven cases died. Eighty-nine cases (56%) were associated with travel, either in the United Kingdom (UK) or abroad, and six with a stay in hospital; the remaining cases were presumed to have acquired infection in the community. Seven outbreaks were detected in England and Wales: one was associated with a holiday centre, one with a hotel in London, two with industrial sites, and three occurred in the community. A further four clusters were associated with travel abroad: Spain, Ibiza, the Channel Islands, and a Mediterranean cruise. One hundred and twenty-eight of the 160 cases (79%) were sporadic--that is, not known to be associated with outbreaks--43 of which (34%) were not associated with travel nor acquired in hospital. SN - 1350-9349 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8541939/Legionnaires'_disease_surveillance:_England_and_Wales_1994_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/legionnairesdisease.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -