Prolonged postprandial responses of lipids and apolipoproteins in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins of individuals expressing an apolipoprotein epsilon 4 allele.J Clin Invest 1996; 97(1):65-72JCI
The postprandial responses of apo B48, B100, E and lipids in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) to a meal containing one-third of daily energy (39% fat calories) were compared in normolipidemic young men with apo E3/3 and apo E4/3 phenotypes. After the two groups consumed a diet rich in polyunsaturated fat for 15-29 d, their postabsorptive concentrations of TRL triglycerides, apo B48, and apo B100 were virtually identical, but their postprandial responses differed. In both groups, TRL apo B48 increased at 3 h but returned to postabsorptive values at 6 h only in the apo E3/3 group; in the apo E4/3 group the concentration of apo B48 at 6 h was 80% higher than postabsorptive values. TRL apo B100 also increased at 3 h in the two groups and fell to post-absorptive values at 6 h in the apo E3/3 group but remained 51% higher than postabsorptive concentrations in the apo E4/3 group; this response was closely coupled to that of TRL cholesterol and apo E. These observations suggest that clearance of intestinal and hepatogenous TRL remnants is impaired in young men with an apo E4/3 phenotype.