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Fair-play rules and injury reduction in ice hockey.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1996; 150(2):140-5AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the rate, type, and severity of injuries incurred and penalties assessed during the qualifying fair-play (points for playing without excessive penalties) and championship "regular" rules (winner advances) portions of a 1994 Junior Gold ice hockey tournament.

DESIGN

A prospective evaluation of injuries by certified athletic trainers at the tournament site.

SETTING

A community-organized, 3-day, 31-game tournament in Minnesota.

PARTICIPANTS

Two hundred seventy-three male players, younger than 20 years and in high school.

MEASUREMENTS/MAIN RESULTS

Injuries were recorded by an on-site certified athletic trainer, and the penalties were tallied from the score sheets. The injury rates for the total number of injuries were 26.4 injuries per 1000 athlete exposures and 273.8 injuries per 1000 player hours. When only notable injuries (concussion, facial laceration, or moderate level of severity and above) were considered, the injury rates were 10 per 1000 athlete exposures and 103.9 per 1000 player hours. The ratio of notable fair-play to notable regular-rules injuries was 1:4.8. The number of penalties assessed per game averaged 7.1 penalties during fair-play rules and 13 penalties during the regular-rules competition. Penalties related to rough play and injury occurred four times more frequently during games with regular rules than those with fair-play rules.

CONCLUSIONS

The fair-play concept can reduce injury rates, penalty rates, and severity of penalties and should be considered for ice hockey at all levels of play. The fair-play concept could be applied to other contact sports to reduce injury rates and rules infractions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

MinnHealth SportsCare Consultants, White Bear Lake, Minn, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8556117

Citation

Roberts, W O., et al. "Fair-play Rules and Injury Reduction in Ice Hockey." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 150, no. 2, 1996, pp. 140-5.
Roberts WO, Brust JD, Leonard B, et al. Fair-play rules and injury reduction in ice hockey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996;150(2):140-5.
Roberts, W. O., Brust, J. D., Leonard, B., & Hebert, B. J. (1996). Fair-play rules and injury reduction in ice hockey. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 150(2), pp. 140-5.
Roberts WO, et al. Fair-play Rules and Injury Reduction in Ice Hockey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996;150(2):140-5. PubMed PMID: 8556117.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fair-play rules and injury reduction in ice hockey. AU - Roberts,W O, AU - Brust,J D, AU - Leonard,B, AU - Hebert,B J, PY - 1996/2/1/pubmed PY - 1996/2/1/medline PY - 1996/2/1/entrez SP - 140 EP - 5 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 150 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate, type, and severity of injuries incurred and penalties assessed during the qualifying fair-play (points for playing without excessive penalties) and championship "regular" rules (winner advances) portions of a 1994 Junior Gold ice hockey tournament. DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of injuries by certified athletic trainers at the tournament site. SETTING: A community-organized, 3-day, 31-game tournament in Minnesota. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seventy-three male players, younger than 20 years and in high school. MEASUREMENTS/MAIN RESULTS: Injuries were recorded by an on-site certified athletic trainer, and the penalties were tallied from the score sheets. The injury rates for the total number of injuries were 26.4 injuries per 1000 athlete exposures and 273.8 injuries per 1000 player hours. When only notable injuries (concussion, facial laceration, or moderate level of severity and above) were considered, the injury rates were 10 per 1000 athlete exposures and 103.9 per 1000 player hours. The ratio of notable fair-play to notable regular-rules injuries was 1:4.8. The number of penalties assessed per game averaged 7.1 penalties during fair-play rules and 13 penalties during the regular-rules competition. Penalties related to rough play and injury occurred four times more frequently during games with regular rules than those with fair-play rules. CONCLUSIONS: The fair-play concept can reduce injury rates, penalty rates, and severity of penalties and should be considered for ice hockey at all levels of play. The fair-play concept could be applied to other contact sports to reduce injury rates and rules infractions. SN - 1072-4710 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8556117/Fair_play_rules_and_injury_reduction_in_ice_hockey_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/vol/150/pg/140 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -