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The effect of route of inoculation on protection by killed vaccines in chickens.
Avian Dis 1995 Jul-Sep; 39(3):507-13AD

Abstract

The effect of various routes of immunization on protection against challenge by virulent agents was examined in chickens. Chickens were immunized intratracheally, intranasally, per os, by crop gavage, and intramuscularly. Agents examined were killed Haemophilus paragallinarum, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, and infectious bursal disease virus. Results of immunization by intratracheal administration were equivalent to those produced by parenteral administration. All vaccines effectively induced production of serum antibodies against pathogens, and all immunized chickens were protected against infection by each pathogen.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nippon Institute for Biological Science, Tokyo, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8561734

Citation

Nakamura, T, et al. "The Effect of Route of Inoculation On Protection By Killed Vaccines in Chickens." Avian Diseases, vol. 39, no. 3, 1995, pp. 507-13.
Nakamura T, Hoshi S, Nagasawa Y, et al. The effect of route of inoculation on protection by killed vaccines in chickens. Avian Dis. 1995;39(3):507-13.
Nakamura, T., Hoshi, S., Nagasawa, Y., & Ueda, S. (1995). The effect of route of inoculation on protection by killed vaccines in chickens. Avian Diseases, 39(3), pp. 507-13.
Nakamura T, et al. The Effect of Route of Inoculation On Protection By Killed Vaccines in Chickens. Avian Dis. 1995;39(3):507-13. PubMed PMID: 8561734.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of route of inoculation on protection by killed vaccines in chickens. AU - Nakamura,T, AU - Hoshi,S, AU - Nagasawa,Y, AU - Ueda,S, PY - 1995/7/1/pubmed PY - 1995/7/1/medline PY - 1995/7/1/entrez SP - 507 EP - 13 JF - Avian diseases JO - Avian Dis. VL - 39 IS - 3 N2 - The effect of various routes of immunization on protection against challenge by virulent agents was examined in chickens. Chickens were immunized intratracheally, intranasally, per os, by crop gavage, and intramuscularly. Agents examined were killed Haemophilus paragallinarum, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, and infectious bursal disease virus. Results of immunization by intratracheal administration were equivalent to those produced by parenteral administration. All vaccines effectively induced production of serum antibodies against pathogens, and all immunized chickens were protected against infection by each pathogen. SN - 0005-2086 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8561734/The_effect_of_route_of_inoculation_on_protection_by_killed_vaccines_in_chickens_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/haemophilusinfections.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -