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Visual field damage proximal to fixation in normal- and high-tension glaucoma eyes.
Jpn J Ophthalmol 1995; 39(3):274-83JJ

Abstract

To compare in more detail the central visual field damage in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and high-tension glaucoma (HTG) eyes, a pointwise inner-group comparison of the data obtained with the Humphrey 10-2 was carried out in 68 NTG cases with maximum intraocular pressure (IOP) of < or = 21 mmHg and 62 HTG cases with maximum IOP of > or = 25 mmHg. All eyes had the usual field defects, with a mean deviation of > or = -15 dB (MD, STATPAC). Age, refraction and MD were matched between the two groups. Total deviation (TD, STATPAC), the difference between the measured threshold and the age-corrected normal reference at each test point of the 10-2 program, was used for pointwise inter-group comparisons. The data were analyzed with Wilcoxon rank-sum test and logistic discriminant analysis. The latter method was also applied to the data of the 30-2 program to confirm the results obtained with the 10-2 program. The comparisons using the different methods and programs gave consistent results. For a given amount of overall visual field damage in the two types of glaucoma, a superior arcuate area extending down to the horizontal meridian just nasal to the fixation point was significantly more depressed and an area inferior to the horizontal meridian and inferior temporal to the fixation point significantly less depressed in NTG eyes. HTG eyes were significantly more diffusely damaged in the central 10-degree visual field. NTG and HTG may have unique patterns of central visual field damage. These differences may implications in following NTG patients and studying the pathogenesis of this glaucoma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8577079

Citation

Koseki, N, et al. "Visual Field Damage Proximal to Fixation in Normal- and High-tension Glaucoma Eyes." Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 39, no. 3, 1995, pp. 274-83.
Koseki N, Araie M, Suzuki Y, et al. Visual field damage proximal to fixation in normal- and high-tension glaucoma eyes. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 1995;39(3):274-83.
Koseki, N., Araie, M., Suzuki, Y., & Yamagami, J. (1995). Visual field damage proximal to fixation in normal- and high-tension glaucoma eyes. Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, 39(3), pp. 274-83.
Koseki N, et al. Visual Field Damage Proximal to Fixation in Normal- and High-tension Glaucoma Eyes. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 1995;39(3):274-83. PubMed PMID: 8577079.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Visual field damage proximal to fixation in normal- and high-tension glaucoma eyes. AU - Koseki,N, AU - Araie,M, AU - Suzuki,Y, AU - Yamagami,J, PY - 1995/1/1/pubmed PY - 1995/1/1/medline PY - 1995/1/1/entrez SP - 274 EP - 83 JF - Japanese journal of ophthalmology JO - Jpn. J. Ophthalmol. VL - 39 IS - 3 N2 - To compare in more detail the central visual field damage in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and high-tension glaucoma (HTG) eyes, a pointwise inner-group comparison of the data obtained with the Humphrey 10-2 was carried out in 68 NTG cases with maximum intraocular pressure (IOP) of < or = 21 mmHg and 62 HTG cases with maximum IOP of > or = 25 mmHg. All eyes had the usual field defects, with a mean deviation of > or = -15 dB (MD, STATPAC). Age, refraction and MD were matched between the two groups. Total deviation (TD, STATPAC), the difference between the measured threshold and the age-corrected normal reference at each test point of the 10-2 program, was used for pointwise inter-group comparisons. The data were analyzed with Wilcoxon rank-sum test and logistic discriminant analysis. The latter method was also applied to the data of the 30-2 program to confirm the results obtained with the 10-2 program. The comparisons using the different methods and programs gave consistent results. For a given amount of overall visual field damage in the two types of glaucoma, a superior arcuate area extending down to the horizontal meridian just nasal to the fixation point was significantly more depressed and an area inferior to the horizontal meridian and inferior temporal to the fixation point significantly less depressed in NTG eyes. HTG eyes were significantly more diffusely damaged in the central 10-degree visual field. NTG and HTG may have unique patterns of central visual field damage. These differences may implications in following NTG patients and studying the pathogenesis of this glaucoma. SN - 0021-5155 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8577079/Visual_field_damage_proximal_to_fixation_in_normal__and_high_tension_glaucoma_eyes_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3065 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -