[Initial clinical experiences with TIPS (transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic stent-shunt)].Leber Magen Darm. 1995 Dec; 25(6):264-6, 269-70.LM
15 patients with predominantly alcoholtoxic liver cirrhosis (mean age 50 years; 8 men and 7 women) were treated by the technically successful implantation of a transjugular portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPS) within a period of 1 year. The indications for TIPS implantation were the following: gastroesophageal bleedings in 12 cases (10 patients with recurrent variceal bleeding including 2 emergency cases with severe bleeding resistant to conventional therapy and 2 patients with exclusively gastral bleeding due to severe hypertensive gastropathy) and ascites resistant to conventional therapy in 3 cases. Portovenous pressure could be effectively reduced by mean of 37%. Within a mean observation period of 8 months 13 patients including the emergency cases remained without recurrent bleeding. Duplexsonography showed patent stents. 1 patient suffered from an early recurrent bleeding due to occlusion of the stent-shunt. The estimation of liver function according to the Child-Pugh-classification showed only minor changes. Before TIPS 9 patients were in class A, 4 in B, 2 in C; after TIPS 8 patients in A, 5 in B and 2 in C. Ascites resolved completely. Following TIPS all patients appeared to abstain from alcohol. After TIPS 5 from 14 surviving patients (36%) developed clinically manifest encephalopathy within the first 4-8 weeks (2 patients with previous episodes of encephalopathy, 2 other patients after withdrawal of lactulose). By enhanced conservative treatment (lactulose, paromomycine and protein restriction) encephalopathy could be overcome. 8 from 11 surviving patients investigated displayed characteristic MRI changes with an increased signal intensity in the basal ganglia (T1 weighted images). According to our preliminary results TIPS represents a new successful interventional regimen for the treatment of portal hypertension in selected cases.