Progressive osseous heteroplasia, uncommon cause of soft tissue ossification: a case report and review of the literature.Pediatr Pathol Lab Med 1995 Sep-Oct; 15(5):813-27PP
We report a case of an uncommon, recently described disease manifesting shortly after birth, characterized by extensive soft tissue calcification with ossification, progressive osseous heteroplasia. We describe the complex histopathologic patterns present in this case, discuss the main differential diagnoses that the surgical pathologist must consider when confronted by soft tissue ossification, and review the pertinent literature. We conclude that although the morphologic patterns of ossification in progressive osseous heteroplasia are complex and the involvement is extensive, the morphology of the lesions lacks diagnostic specificity. The diagnosis must be based on a consideration of the combined clinical data and radiologic and pathologic findings. This approach alone makes it possible to exclude a number of clinicopathologic entities that manifest with so-called osteoma cutis but whose associated lesions and genetic implications are different.