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Prevalence estimates of diabetes and of other cardiovascular risk factors in the two largest Algonquin communities of Quebec.
Diabetes Care 1995; 18(9):1255-9DC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in the two largest Algonquin communities of Quebec (Canada) with that of other native groups and to describe the different patterns of NIDDM and other cardiovascular risk markers in these communities (River Desert [RD] and Lac Simon [LS]).

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS

The population-based study targeted all residents aged 15 years and older. In the age-group considered here (30-64 years), there were 480 eligible subjects and 299 participants (50.8% in RD and 86.9% in LS). All except those with confirmed diabetes underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Serum triglyceride and lipoprotein cholesterol levels, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were measured.

RESULTS

The age-standardized (world population) prevalence of NIDDM in women was twice as high in LS as in RD (48.6% vs. 23.9%). In men, it was 23.9% in LS and 16.3% in RD. Upper-body obesity followed the same pattern. In contrast, high-risk serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were significantly more prevalent in RD than in LS, particularly among men. The rate of high blood pressure was twice as high in men as in women, with little community differences. When we controlled for age, sex, diabetic, and obesity status, mean fasting serum glucose remained significantly higher triglycerides and LDL cholesterol lower in LS than in RD. There was also an independent community effect on WHR but no on BMI.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of NIDDM in LS women reaches the rate observed in Pima Indian women. The observed differences between two Algonquin communities suggest a highly heterogeneous pattern of NIDDM and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Amerindian populations, even within a given tribe and a limited geographic area.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8612439

Citation

Delisle, H F., et al. "Prevalence Estimates of Diabetes and of Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Two Largest Algonquin Communities of Quebec." Diabetes Care, vol. 18, no. 9, 1995, pp. 1255-9.
Delisle HF, Rivard M, Ekoé JM. Prevalence estimates of diabetes and of other cardiovascular risk factors in the two largest Algonquin communities of Quebec. Diabetes Care. 1995;18(9):1255-9.
Delisle, H. F., Rivard, M., & Ekoé, J. M. (1995). Prevalence estimates of diabetes and of other cardiovascular risk factors in the two largest Algonquin communities of Quebec. Diabetes Care, 18(9), pp. 1255-9.
Delisle HF, Rivard M, Ekoé JM. Prevalence Estimates of Diabetes and of Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Two Largest Algonquin Communities of Quebec. Diabetes Care. 1995;18(9):1255-9. PubMed PMID: 8612439.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence estimates of diabetes and of other cardiovascular risk factors in the two largest Algonquin communities of Quebec. AU - Delisle,H F, AU - Rivard,M, AU - Ekoé,J M, PY - 1995/9/1/pubmed PY - 1995/9/1/medline PY - 1995/9/1/entrez SP - 1255 EP - 9 JF - Diabetes care JO - Diabetes Care VL - 18 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in the two largest Algonquin communities of Quebec (Canada) with that of other native groups and to describe the different patterns of NIDDM and other cardiovascular risk markers in these communities (River Desert [RD] and Lac Simon [LS]). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The population-based study targeted all residents aged 15 years and older. In the age-group considered here (30-64 years), there were 480 eligible subjects and 299 participants (50.8% in RD and 86.9% in LS). All except those with confirmed diabetes underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Serum triglyceride and lipoprotein cholesterol levels, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were measured. RESULTS: The age-standardized (world population) prevalence of NIDDM in women was twice as high in LS as in RD (48.6% vs. 23.9%). In men, it was 23.9% in LS and 16.3% in RD. Upper-body obesity followed the same pattern. In contrast, high-risk serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were significantly more prevalent in RD than in LS, particularly among men. The rate of high blood pressure was twice as high in men as in women, with little community differences. When we controlled for age, sex, diabetic, and obesity status, mean fasting serum glucose remained significantly higher triglycerides and LDL cholesterol lower in LS than in RD. There was also an independent community effect on WHR but no on BMI. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of NIDDM in LS women reaches the rate observed in Pima Indian women. The observed differences between two Algonquin communities suggest a highly heterogeneous pattern of NIDDM and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Amerindian populations, even within a given tribe and a limited geographic area. SN - 0149-5992 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8612439/Prevalence_estimates_of_diabetes_and_of_other_cardiovascular_risk_factors_in_the_two_largest_Algonquin_communities_of_Quebec_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=8612439.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -