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Anandamide- and delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol-evoked arachidonic acid mobilization and blockade by SR141716A [N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4 -methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide hydrochloride].
Biochem Pharmacol. 1996 Mar 08; 51(5):669-76.BP

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether anandamide induces cannabimimetic responses, mainly mobilization of arachidonic acid, in primary cultures of rat brain cortical astrocytes. Confluent monolayer cultures of astrocytes, prelabeled with [3H]arachidonic acid, were incubated with anandamide or delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) in the presence or absence of thimerosal, a fatty acid acyl CoA transferase inhibitor and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, an amidohydrolase inhibitor. Anandamide and delta9-THC induced a time- and concentration-dependent release of arachidonic acid in the presence, but not in the absence, of thimerosal. Anandamide- and delta9-THC-stimulated arachidonic acid release was pertussis toxin-sensitive, indicating a receptor/G-protein involvement. A novel and selective cannabinoid receptor antagonist, SR141716A [N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4- methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide hydrochloride], blocked the arachidonic acid release, suggesting a cannabinoid receptor-mediated pathway. In astrocytes, the magnitude of anandamide-induced arachidonic acid release was equal to that released by equimolar concentrations of delta9-THC. Furthermore, direct assay of amidohydrolase activity indicated that degradation of anandamide into arachidonic acid and ethanolamine was negligible in cortical astrocytes. Our results suggest that anandamide stimulates receptor-mediated release of arachidonic acid, and the receptor may be the cannabinoid receptor. Astrocytes, containing a cannabinoid receptor and lower or negligible amidohydrolase activity, may be an important brain cell model in which to study the cannabimimetic effects of anandamide at a cellular and molecular level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond 23298-0613, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8615904

Citation

Shivachar, A C., et al. "Anandamide- and Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol-evoked Arachidonic Acid Mobilization and Blockade By SR141716A [N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4 -methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide Hydrochloride]." Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 51, no. 5, 1996, pp. 669-76.
Shivachar AC, Martin BR, Ellis EF. Anandamide- and delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol-evoked arachidonic acid mobilization and blockade by SR141716A [N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4 -methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide hydrochloride]. Biochem Pharmacol. 1996;51(5):669-76.
Shivachar, A. C., Martin, B. R., & Ellis, E. F. (1996). Anandamide- and delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol-evoked arachidonic acid mobilization and blockade by SR141716A [N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4 -methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide hydrochloride]. Biochemical Pharmacology, 51(5), 669-76.
Shivachar AC, Martin BR, Ellis EF. Anandamide- and Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol-evoked Arachidonic Acid Mobilization and Blockade By SR141716A [N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4 -methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide Hydrochloride]. Biochem Pharmacol. 1996 Mar 8;51(5):669-76. PubMed PMID: 8615904.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anandamide- and delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol-evoked arachidonic acid mobilization and blockade by SR141716A [N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4 -methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide hydrochloride]. AU - Shivachar,A C, AU - Martin,B R, AU - Ellis,E F, PY - 1996/3/8/pubmed PY - 1996/3/8/medline PY - 1996/3/8/entrez SP - 669 EP - 76 JF - Biochemical pharmacology JO - Biochem Pharmacol VL - 51 IS - 5 N2 - The purpose of this study was to investigate whether anandamide induces cannabimimetic responses, mainly mobilization of arachidonic acid, in primary cultures of rat brain cortical astrocytes. Confluent monolayer cultures of astrocytes, prelabeled with [3H]arachidonic acid, were incubated with anandamide or delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) in the presence or absence of thimerosal, a fatty acid acyl CoA transferase inhibitor and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, an amidohydrolase inhibitor. Anandamide and delta9-THC induced a time- and concentration-dependent release of arachidonic acid in the presence, but not in the absence, of thimerosal. Anandamide- and delta9-THC-stimulated arachidonic acid release was pertussis toxin-sensitive, indicating a receptor/G-protein involvement. A novel and selective cannabinoid receptor antagonist, SR141716A [N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4- methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide hydrochloride], blocked the arachidonic acid release, suggesting a cannabinoid receptor-mediated pathway. In astrocytes, the magnitude of anandamide-induced arachidonic acid release was equal to that released by equimolar concentrations of delta9-THC. Furthermore, direct assay of amidohydrolase activity indicated that degradation of anandamide into arachidonic acid and ethanolamine was negligible in cortical astrocytes. Our results suggest that anandamide stimulates receptor-mediated release of arachidonic acid, and the receptor may be the cannabinoid receptor. Astrocytes, containing a cannabinoid receptor and lower or negligible amidohydrolase activity, may be an important brain cell model in which to study the cannabimimetic effects of anandamide at a cellular and molecular level. SN - 0006-2952 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8615904/Anandamide__and_delta9_tetrahydrocannabinol_evoked_arachidonic_acid_mobilization_and_blockade_by_SR141716A_[N__Piperidin_1_yl__5__4_chlorophenyl__1__24_dichlorophenyl__4__methyl_1H_pyrazole_3_carboximide_hydrochloride]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006-2952(95)02248-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -