Type I gastric ulcer treated by parietal cell vagotomy and mucosal ulcerectomy.J Am Coll Surg. 1996 May; 182(5):388-93.JA
Type I gastric ulcers occur at the gastric incisura and do not coexist with duodenal or pyloric ulcers. Antrectomy and Billroth I anastomosis are the most frequent operations used for treatment of patients with this lesion.
Postoperative results, including recurrence, were evaluated in 48 patients with a Type I gastric ulcer who were treated by parietal cell vagotomy and mucosal excision of the ulcer and had a mean follow-up of eight years.
There was no operative mortality and no major operative complications occurred. The patients have had follow-up examination for a mean of eight years. All but four patients were in Visick I and II categories when last examined. Four patients were in category IV because they required a second gastric operation. The cumulative probability of recurrent ulcer rate calculated by life table analysis was 6.5 plus or minus 9.5 (standard error of the mean) percent at nine years.
Parietal cell vagotomy and ulcerectomy is an excellent operation for patients with Type I gastric ulcers and provides an alternative to antrectomy for patients with this lesion.