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Behavioral inhibition and stress reactivity: the moderating role of attachment security.
Child Dev. 1996 Apr; 67(2):508-22.CD

Abstract

The role of the mother-toddler attachment relationship in moderating the relations between behavioral inhibition and changes in salivary cortisol levels in response to novel events was examined in 77 18-month-olds. Behavioral inhibition was determined by observing toddler inhibition of approach to several novel events. Attachment security to mother was assessed using the Ainsworth Strange Situation. Changes in salivary cortisol were used to index activity of the stress-sensitive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system. In addition, toddler coping behaviors and the behaviors used by mothers to help toddlers manage novel events were examined. Elevations in cortisol were found only for inhibited toddlers in insecure attachment relationships. Mothers in these relationships appeared to interfere with their toddlers' coping efforts. These results are discussed in the context of a coping model of the relations between temperament and stress reactivity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8625725

Citation

Nachmias, M, et al. "Behavioral Inhibition and Stress Reactivity: the Moderating Role of Attachment Security." Child Development, vol. 67, no. 2, 1996, pp. 508-22.
Nachmias M, Gunnar M, Mangelsdorf S, et al. Behavioral inhibition and stress reactivity: the moderating role of attachment security. Child Dev. 1996;67(2):508-22.
Nachmias, M., Gunnar, M., Mangelsdorf, S., Parritz, R. H., & Buss, K. (1996). Behavioral inhibition and stress reactivity: the moderating role of attachment security. Child Development, 67(2), 508-22.
Nachmias M, et al. Behavioral Inhibition and Stress Reactivity: the Moderating Role of Attachment Security. Child Dev. 1996;67(2):508-22. PubMed PMID: 8625725.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Behavioral inhibition and stress reactivity: the moderating role of attachment security. AU - Nachmias,M, AU - Gunnar,M, AU - Mangelsdorf,S, AU - Parritz,R H, AU - Buss,K, PY - 1996/4/1/pubmed PY - 1996/4/1/medline PY - 1996/4/1/entrez SP - 508 EP - 22 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 67 IS - 2 N2 - The role of the mother-toddler attachment relationship in moderating the relations between behavioral inhibition and changes in salivary cortisol levels in response to novel events was examined in 77 18-month-olds. Behavioral inhibition was determined by observing toddler inhibition of approach to several novel events. Attachment security to mother was assessed using the Ainsworth Strange Situation. Changes in salivary cortisol were used to index activity of the stress-sensitive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system. In addition, toddler coping behaviors and the behaviors used by mothers to help toddlers manage novel events were examined. Elevations in cortisol were found only for inhibited toddlers in insecure attachment relationships. Mothers in these relationships appeared to interfere with their toddlers' coping efforts. These results are discussed in the context of a coping model of the relations between temperament and stress reactivity. SN - 0009-3920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8625725/Behavioral_inhibition_and_stress_reactivity:_the_moderating_role_of_attachment_security_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0009-3920&date=1996&volume=67&issue=2&spage=508 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -