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Associations among attachment classifications of mothers, fathers, and their infants.
Child Dev. 1996 Apr; 67(2):541-55.CD

Abstract

Associations are reported among classifications of Adult Attachment Interviews (AAIs) obtained from expectant parents and subsequent classifications of their infants in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). Mothers' AAIs predicted infant-mother SSPs (chi 2 = 41.87, N = 96, df = 9, p < or = .0001), and fathers' AAIs predicted infant-father SSPs (chi 2 = 18.94, N = 90, df = 6, p < or = .005). Associations between parents' AAIs and infant-parent SSPs were lessened by the failure to predict the insecure-resistant pattern with mother and the absence of this pattern with father. Counter to expectation, infant-father SSPs were associated with infant-mother SSPs (chi 2 = 3.78, N = 90, df = 1, p < or = .05), which could not be accounted for in terms of an overlap between parental AAIs. A secondary analysis of the data suggested that this dependency effect of SSPs may be explained by the influence of maternal AAIs upon child-father SSPs. Results are discussed in terms of intergenerational and relationship-specific influences upon attachment during infancy, the possible influence of infant temperament, and the relative influence of mother and father upon the child's evolving representations of attachments within the family.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sub-Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, U.K.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8625727

Citation

Steele, H, et al. "Associations Among Attachment Classifications of Mothers, Fathers, and Their Infants." Child Development, vol. 67, no. 2, 1996, pp. 541-55.
Steele H, Steele M, Fonagy P. Associations among attachment classifications of mothers, fathers, and their infants. Child Dev. 1996;67(2):541-55.
Steele, H., Steele, M., & Fonagy, P. (1996). Associations among attachment classifications of mothers, fathers, and their infants. Child Development, 67(2), 541-55.
Steele H, Steele M, Fonagy P. Associations Among Attachment Classifications of Mothers, Fathers, and Their Infants. Child Dev. 1996;67(2):541-55. PubMed PMID: 8625727.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations among attachment classifications of mothers, fathers, and their infants. AU - Steele,H, AU - Steele,M, AU - Fonagy,P, PY - 1996/4/1/pubmed PY - 1996/4/1/medline PY - 1996/4/1/entrez SP - 541 EP - 55 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 67 IS - 2 N2 - Associations are reported among classifications of Adult Attachment Interviews (AAIs) obtained from expectant parents and subsequent classifications of their infants in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). Mothers' AAIs predicted infant-mother SSPs (chi 2 = 41.87, N = 96, df = 9, p < or = .0001), and fathers' AAIs predicted infant-father SSPs (chi 2 = 18.94, N = 90, df = 6, p < or = .005). Associations between parents' AAIs and infant-parent SSPs were lessened by the failure to predict the insecure-resistant pattern with mother and the absence of this pattern with father. Counter to expectation, infant-father SSPs were associated with infant-mother SSPs (chi 2 = 3.78, N = 90, df = 1, p < or = .05), which could not be accounted for in terms of an overlap between parental AAIs. A secondary analysis of the data suggested that this dependency effect of SSPs may be explained by the influence of maternal AAIs upon child-father SSPs. Results are discussed in terms of intergenerational and relationship-specific influences upon attachment during infancy, the possible influence of infant temperament, and the relative influence of mother and father upon the child's evolving representations of attachments within the family. SN - 0009-3920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8625727/Associations_among_attachment_classifications_of_mothers_fathers_and_their_infants_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=0009-3920&amp;date=1996&amp;volume=67&amp;issue=2&amp;spage=541 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -