Epstein-Barr virus infection and associated products (LMP, EBNA2, vIL-10) in nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of human immunodeficiency virus-negative Japanese.Am J Hematol. 1996 May; 52(1):21-8.AJ
Sixty cases of B-cell nodal non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphoma (B-ML), and 46 cases of T-cell nodal lymphoma (T-ML) were surveyed for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genomes, RNA, and associated proteins. We used a Southern blot analysis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and EBV-encoded small RNA-1 (EBER-1) in situ hybridization to investigate the presence of EBV. We performed an immunohistochemical study on EBV-related oncoproteins, such as EBV-determined nuclear antigen-2 (EBNA-2), latent membrane protein (LMP), and viral interleukin-10 (vIL-10). In addition, we also analyzed the terminal repetitive sequence of EBV (EBV-TR) to investigate the EBV-infected cell clonality. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas were grouped into three types by number of EBV-infected cells: I) almost all lymphoma cells showed an EBV presence; II) some scattered lymphoma cells showed an EBV presence; and III) only a few cells showed such a presence, which was probably due to a latent EBV infection. In 25 of 60 B-MLs, EBV-infected cells were found; 7 were type I, 1 was type II, and 17 were type III. In 27 of 46 T-MLs, EBV-infected cells were found; no cases were type I, 5 cases were type II, and 22 cases were type III. Seven B-MLs and 3 T cell lymphomas showed clonal TR bands. Expression of EBNA-2 was found in only three B-MLs, whereas LMP was seen in four B-MLs and six T-MLs. All EBNA-2/LMP-positive cases showed an EBV presence. In B-MLs, expression of EBNA-2 and LMP was detected in almost all lymphoma cells; in T-MLs, however, LMP was found in only a small portion of the lymphoma cells. Expression of IL-10 was closely associated with LMP. In summary, it was thus speculated that EBV infection was associated with the various states of lymphomagenesis.