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Optimizing enteral nutrition.
Am Fam Physician. 1996 Jun; 53(8):2535-42.AF

Abstract

Adequate nutritional support is an important aspect of the care of all patients. Enteral nutritional support accesses the gastrointestinal tract and includes both oral supplementation and tube-feeding techniques. Enteral nutritional support should be considered when a patient has functioning intestines but cannot or will not eat. Most patients require a caloric intake of 25 to 35 kcal per kg per day. The choice of route of administration for tube feedings should be based primarily on the anticipated length of therapy and patient comfort. Three schedules for the initiation and delivery of tube feedings are presented in this article. Both nasogastric and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes are associated with potential complications, including aspiration and gastrointestinal intolerance. Important parameters include the patient's weight and volume status, and periodic laboratory determinations of the patient's serum electrolytes and protein status.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Alabama School of Medicine at Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8644567

Citation

Rodman, D P., and S E. Gaskins. "Optimizing Enteral Nutrition." American Family Physician, vol. 53, no. 8, 1996, pp. 2535-42.
Rodman DP, Gaskins SE. Optimizing enteral nutrition. Am Fam Physician. 1996;53(8):2535-42.
Rodman, D. P., & Gaskins, S. E. (1996). Optimizing enteral nutrition. American Family Physician, 53(8), 2535-42.
Rodman DP, Gaskins SE. Optimizing Enteral Nutrition. Am Fam Physician. 1996;53(8):2535-42. PubMed PMID: 8644567.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Optimizing enteral nutrition. AU - Rodman,D P, AU - Gaskins,S E, PY - 1996/6/1/pubmed PY - 1996/6/1/medline PY - 1996/6/1/entrez SP - 2535 EP - 42 JF - American family physician JO - Am Fam Physician VL - 53 IS - 8 N2 - Adequate nutritional support is an important aspect of the care of all patients. Enteral nutritional support accesses the gastrointestinal tract and includes both oral supplementation and tube-feeding techniques. Enteral nutritional support should be considered when a patient has functioning intestines but cannot or will not eat. Most patients require a caloric intake of 25 to 35 kcal per kg per day. The choice of route of administration for tube feedings should be based primarily on the anticipated length of therapy and patient comfort. Three schedules for the initiation and delivery of tube feedings are presented in this article. Both nasogastric and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes are associated with potential complications, including aspiration and gastrointestinal intolerance. Important parameters include the patient's weight and volume status, and periodic laboratory determinations of the patient's serum electrolytes and protein status. SN - 0002-838X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8644567/Optimizing_enteral_nutrition_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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