[Contribution of Doppler sonography in inflammatory pathology of the large bowels].J Belge Radiol. 1996 Feb; 79(1):1-8.JB
At the end of the eighties, Doppler equipment added to conventional ultrasonography a new dynamic dimension. On the basis of radiological (US, CT, barium studies), clinical, biological, surgical and/or pathological correlations in 30 cases, the following considerations were emphasized. In case of intestinal obstruction, viability of the obstructed segment is compromised when Doppler parietal flow remains undetectable. In Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, as well as in acute appendicitis, presence of Doppler parietal flow throughout the affected thickened segment indicates an acute condition; similarly, abnormally high mean portal velocity (30-48 cm/sec; normal: 15 +/- 7 cm/sec), and abnormally low resistive index in the superior mesenteric artery (0.58-0.78; normal: 0.908 = 0.026) are detected. In colonic diverticulitis, similar characteristics can be observed, but are subtle and usually predominant at the mesenteric side of the affected segment in moderate diverticulitis. These abnormal Doppler findings disappear with successful therapy.