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The effects of maternal education on child nutritional status depend on socio-environmental conditions.
Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Jun; 25(3):585-92.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous studies have shown an inconsistency in the association between maternal education and child nutritional status across socioeconomic levels. This may be because the beneficial effects of education are only significant when resources are sufficient but not abundant.

METHODS

Associations were examined for differences across socioeconomic levels using data collected from 41 rural communities of Benin for 435 children aged 13-36 months. Village level indicators of household wealth were used together with child z-scores to partition the sample into three levels of socio-environment relative to conditions more or less conducive to child growth.

RESULTS

Using an interactive linear regression model it was shown that for the population of children of women who had no more than 4 years of formal schooling, the association of maternal education and child weight differed significantly across the socio-environment. The relationship was flat and non-significant in the lowest socio-environment, positive and significant (P < 0.05) in intermediate conditions, and weakly positive under the best socio-environment conditions. Among children of mothers attaining higher levels of education, an unexpected negative association was found. It could be that maternal education had enabled women to participate in activities outside the home without simultaneously ensuring adequate child care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8671560

Citation

Reed, B A., et al. "The Effects of Maternal Education On Child Nutritional Status Depend On Socio-environmental Conditions." International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 3, 1996, pp. 585-92.
Reed BA, Habicht JP, Niameogo C. The effects of maternal education on child nutritional status depend on socio-environmental conditions. Int J Epidemiol. 1996;25(3):585-92.
Reed, B. A., Habicht, J. P., & Niameogo, C. (1996). The effects of maternal education on child nutritional status depend on socio-environmental conditions. International Journal of Epidemiology, 25(3), 585-92.
Reed BA, Habicht JP, Niameogo C. The Effects of Maternal Education On Child Nutritional Status Depend On Socio-environmental Conditions. Int J Epidemiol. 1996;25(3):585-92. PubMed PMID: 8671560.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of maternal education on child nutritional status depend on socio-environmental conditions. AU - Reed,B A, AU - Habicht,J P, AU - Niameogo,C, PY - 1996/6/1/pubmed PY - 1996/6/1/medline PY - 1996/6/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Benin KW - Child Health KW - Child Nutrition KW - Correlation Studies KW - Developing Countries KW - Economic Factors KW - Educational Status--women KW - Family And Household KW - Family Characteristics KW - Family Relationships KW - French Speaking Africa KW - Health KW - Mothers KW - Nutrition KW - Parents KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Socioeconomic Factors KW - Socioeconomic Status KW - Statistical Studies KW - Studies KW - Western Africa SP - 585 EP - 92 JF - International journal of epidemiology JO - Int J Epidemiol VL - 25 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown an inconsistency in the association between maternal education and child nutritional status across socioeconomic levels. This may be because the beneficial effects of education are only significant when resources are sufficient but not abundant. METHODS: Associations were examined for differences across socioeconomic levels using data collected from 41 rural communities of Benin for 435 children aged 13-36 months. Village level indicators of household wealth were used together with child z-scores to partition the sample into three levels of socio-environment relative to conditions more or less conducive to child growth. RESULTS: Using an interactive linear regression model it was shown that for the population of children of women who had no more than 4 years of formal schooling, the association of maternal education and child weight differed significantly across the socio-environment. The relationship was flat and non-significant in the lowest socio-environment, positive and significant (P < 0.05) in intermediate conditions, and weakly positive under the best socio-environment conditions. Among children of mothers attaining higher levels of education, an unexpected negative association was found. It could be that maternal education had enabled women to participate in activities outside the home without simultaneously ensuring adequate child care. SN - 0300-5771 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8671560/The_effects_of_maternal_education_on_child_nutritional_status_depend_on_socio_environmental_conditions_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ije/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ije/25.3.585 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -