[A case of thoracic meningioma presenting paraplegia at 4.5 years after removal of a falx meningioma].No Shinkei Geka. 1996 Jun; 24(6):567-72.NS
A case of a thoracic meningioma presenting paraplegia 4.5 years after removal of a falx meningioma is reported. A 73-year-old woman, complaining of diplopia, was admitted to our department. Neurological examination revealed right abducens palsy. CT demonstrated a well-enhanced right frontal mass beneath the falx. The mass was totally removed under right frontal craniotomy. Its histology was transitional meningioma with rich fibroblasts. 4.5 years after craniotomy, she complained of progressing gait disturbance and nocturnal leg pain. Neurological examination revealed paraplegia, complete loss of leg sensation, loss of patellar and ankle reflex, bilateral positive Babinski reflex and urinary disturbance. Rectal function and anal reflex were preserved. Thoracic MRI demonstrated an intradural extramedullary mass which was well enhanced with Gd-DTPA at Th6-7. Under laminectomy, the mass was totally removed. Its histology was transitional meningioma with rich psammoma bodies and whirl formations. 4 months after removal, her palsy and sensory loss were almost completely recovered. We were able to find 15 cases of combined intracranial and spinal meningiomas in the literature. A young woman of neurofibromatosis suffered from tentorial, intraventricular and C1-2 meningiomas. Of 15 cases without neurofibromatosis including our case, 4 cases were of young boys and 11 cases were of women. Their initial symptoms originated from intracranial meningiomas in 8 cases. Multiple intracranial meningiomas were revealed in only 4 cases. In 9 cases, one case presented a combination of one intracranial meningioma and one spinal meningioma. Histology of intracranial meningioma was almost the same that of spinal meningioma in almost half of the 10 cases. These findings suggest the multi sentricity theory of multiple meningiomas originating in other neuroaxial compartments. Severe spinal dysfunction was recovered after removal in our case. Rectal function and anal reflex were preserved. These anorectal findings suggest that spinal dysfunction is either complete or incomplete. Motor evoked potentials are hopeful tools which can select reversible spinal motor dysfunctions.