[Infants born to hypertensive mothers: a clinical-epidemiological study].Minerva Ginecol. 1996 Mar; 48(3):73-6.MG
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the frequency of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and their effects on the newborn infants. The study was performed between January 1992 and December 1994 on the 4793 infants born at the Obstetric Divisions of the University of Messina. These 123 infants were born of hypertensive women and 4670 were control infants. Between the two groups of infants there were significant differences with regard to the incidence of nulliparity, prematurity, low Apgar scores at birth and low birth weight. The blood pressure and the haematic parameters were not different between the two groups of infants. Five of the infants born to hypertensive women were referred to the Division of Neonatal Pathology. The low frequency of infants born to hypertensive women observed by us suggests that in our population the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are understimated. Moreover, the high incidence of preterm and LBW infants confirms that in infants born to hypertensive women the neonatal risks are consequent to fetal growth retardation.