Eradication of Helicobacter pylori in patients with duodenal ulcer lowers basal and peak acid outputs to gastrin releasing peptide and pentagastrin.Gut. 1996 May; 38(5):663-7.Gut
Patients with duodenal ulcer (DU) have high basal (BAO) and peak (PAO) acid outputs. The effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on these variables is unclear.
To discover if gastric acid hypersecretion in patients with DU is caused by H pylori.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
BAO, gastrin releasing peptide (GRP), and pentagastrin stimulated PAO in 10 H pylori negative controls, and in 10 H pylori positive patients with DU was measured before and six months after H pylori eradication. H pylori status was determined by histology, culture, and by the 13C-urea breath test. After collecting a 30 minute basal aspirate, GRP 40 pmol/kg/h was infused for 45 minutes, and after a 30 minute washout, pentagastrin 6 micrograms/kg was injected intramuscularly.
Basal and stimulated acid output (PAOGRP and PAOPg) were significantly higher in H pylori positive DU than in H pylori negative controls. Six months after H pylori eradication, basal and stimulated acid outputs were all significantly lower than before H pylori eradication.
This study has shown that BAO, PAOGRP, and PAOPg are higher in H pylori positive DU than in H pylori negative controls. All decreased significantly six months after H pylori eradication, to fall within the range of controls. These results are compatible with a hypothesis that acid hypersecretion in duodenal ulcer disease is caused by H pylori infection.