Quantification of voiding dysfunction in patients awaiting transurethral prostatectomy.J Urol. 1996 Sep; 156(3):1014-8; discussion 1018-9.JU
We investigated the role of advanced urodynamic analysis in the diagnostic evaluation for transurethral resection of the prostate.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 62 consecutive patients awaiting transurethral resection of the prostate with the American Urological Association symptom score of more than 12, peak flow rate less than 13 ml. per second and significant residual urine underwent routine video pressureflow studies with advanced urodynamic analysis to quantify outflow function. Postoperative outcome was assessed at 3 months by symptom scores, uroflowmetry and ultrasonography (residual urine).
The parameters used in the diagnostic evaluation for transurethral resection of the prostate did not correlate with urodynamic diagnosis of unequivocal obstruction. Weak detrusor contractility (without significant obstruction) accounted for voiding dysfunction in 50% of the patients. The results of transurethral resection of the prostate were significantly better in patients with unequivocal compared to equivocal obstruction. Furthermore, patients with unequivocal obstruction but weak detrusor contractility had a significantly poorer treatment outcome.
Advanced urodynamic analysis in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia can predict treatment outcome and, therefore, allows the urologist to choose the most appropriate therapeutic option for individuals.