Effects of clofilium, a K channel blocker, on electrogenic K secretion and afferent discharge at the frog semicircular canal. A preliminary report.Acta Otolaryngol. 1996 Mar; 116(2):277-9.AO
Application of clofilium to the endolymphatic side of the isolated frog semicircular canal abolished the transepithelial potential and produced increased K and mannitol outfluxes from the lumen to the dark cells or the basolateral perilymph, with no apparent effect on active K secretion. These results suggest an increased permeability of the paracellular pathway. When applied to the perilymphatic side in the intact labyrinth, clofilium reduced the rates of quantal transmitter release (miniature EPSP frequency), an effect that might arise from a decrease in the transduction current intensity secondary to the reduced transepithelial electrochemical potential for K+. Moreover, afferent spike rates were almost completely abolished at rest as well as during mechanical stimulation. This effect together with a decreased mEPSP amplitude points to a further direct action of clofilium on the afferent postsynaptic terminal. These results suggest a multi-factorial effect of clofilium that would reduce the sensitivity of the vestibular function.