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HIV risk behaviors: a comparison of U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic youth.
AIDS Educ Prev. 1996 Apr; 8(2):106-14.AE

Abstract

Sexual behaviors of adolescents place them at a high risk for HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. International comparisons of sexual risk-taking among youth employing a common set of survey items are rare. Moreover, such studies can assist in explaining observed differences in disease rates, or predicting future trends in transmission, and identifying health educational needs unique to a particular population or setting. To assess variations in risk-taking patterns, a comparison of HIV behavioral risk factors was made between U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic (D.R.) youth. The Spanish version of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance (YRBS) survey was administered to 1,175 D.R. high school students. Responses were compared to those in the U.S. from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 1990 YRBS data tape for 2285 Hispanic youth. Frequency and cross-tabulation data were compared by country and gender. There were significant differences in AIDS education at school, discussions about AIDS conducted in the home, age of first sexual experience, condom use, and past experience with STDs. Results show that adolescents in both countries are at risk, but with different mediating factors. Inadequate condom use and early initiation of sex place the D.R. youth at risk, while more U.S. youth are engaging in sexual intercourse and using alcohol or other drugs in conjunction with sexual episodes. Some implications for prevention education are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of South Florida College of Public Health, Department of Community and Family Health, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8727651

Citation

Westhoff, W W., et al. "HIV Risk Behaviors: a Comparison of U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic Youth." AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, vol. 8, no. 2, 1996, pp. 106-14.
Westhoff WW, McDermott RJ, Holcomb DR. HIV risk behaviors: a comparison of U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic youth. AIDS Educ Prev. 1996;8(2):106-14.
Westhoff, W. W., McDermott, R. J., & Holcomb, D. R. (1996). HIV risk behaviors: a comparison of U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic youth. AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, 8(2), 106-14.
Westhoff WW, McDermott RJ, Holcomb DR. HIV Risk Behaviors: a Comparison of U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic Youth. AIDS Educ Prev. 1996;8(2):106-14. PubMed PMID: 8727651.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - HIV risk behaviors: a comparison of U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic youth. AU - Westhoff,W W, AU - McDermott,R J, AU - Holcomb,D R, PY - 1996/4/1/pubmed PY - 1996/4/1/medline PY - 1996/4/1/entrez KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome--prevention and control KW - Adolescents KW - Age Factors KW - Alcohol Drinking KW - Americas KW - Barrier Methods KW - Behavior KW - Biology KW - Caribbean KW - Comparative Studies KW - Condom KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Methods KW - Cultural Background KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developed Countries KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Dominican Republic KW - Drug Usage KW - Education KW - Ethnic Groups KW - Family Planning KW - Hispanics KW - Hiv Infections--prevention and control KW - Latin America KW - North America KW - Northern America KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Premarital Sex Behavior KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Risk Behavior KW - Risk Factors KW - Sampling Studies KW - Sex Behavior KW - Sex Education KW - Sex Factors KW - Studies KW - Surveys KW - United States KW - Viral Diseases KW - Youth SP - 106 EP - 14 JF - AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education JO - AIDS Educ Prev VL - 8 IS - 2 N2 - Sexual behaviors of adolescents place them at a high risk for HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. International comparisons of sexual risk-taking among youth employing a common set of survey items are rare. Moreover, such studies can assist in explaining observed differences in disease rates, or predicting future trends in transmission, and identifying health educational needs unique to a particular population or setting. To assess variations in risk-taking patterns, a comparison of HIV behavioral risk factors was made between U.S. Hispanic and Dominican Republic (D.R.) youth. The Spanish version of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance (YRBS) survey was administered to 1,175 D.R. high school students. Responses were compared to those in the U.S. from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 1990 YRBS data tape for 2285 Hispanic youth. Frequency and cross-tabulation data were compared by country and gender. There were significant differences in AIDS education at school, discussions about AIDS conducted in the home, age of first sexual experience, condom use, and past experience with STDs. Results show that adolescents in both countries are at risk, but with different mediating factors. Inadequate condom use and early initiation of sex place the D.R. youth at risk, while more U.S. youth are engaging in sexual intercourse and using alcohol or other drugs in conjunction with sexual episodes. Some implications for prevention education are discussed. SN - 0899-9546 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8727651/HIV_risk_behaviors:_a_comparison_of_U_S__Hispanic_and_Dominican_Republic_youth_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -