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Effects of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic variables in healthy volunteers.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1996; 50(4):209-13EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the effect of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic variables, discriminating the effect of alcohol from that of non-alcoholic components.

DESIGN

A randomised crossover study.

SETTING

The Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Milan.

SUBJECTS

Eleven healthy male volunteers who were moderate drinkers.

INTERVENTIONS

For three periods of four weeks, subjects drank three different beverages [320 ml of red wine (providing 30 g/day of alcohol), 30 g/day of alcohol diluted in 320 ml of clear fruit juice or 320 ml of dealcoholised red wine] during the two main meals. Each treatment was preceded by a period of four weeks of complete withdrawal from any alcoholic beverage. At the end of each period platelet aggregation after collagen and ADP stimulus, and levels of fibrinogen, plasminogen, tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were determined.

RESULTS

Consumption for a period of four weeks of 30 g/day of alcohol either from red wine or alcohol resulted in similar decreases of collagen-induced platelet aggregation and fibrinogen levels. ADP-induced platelet aggregation, t-PA antigen, vWF and plasminogen levels were not affected by any treatment. No differences were detected when we compared platelet function and the other haemostatic variables at the end of red wine and dealcoholised treatments with findings at the end of alcohol treatment and abstinence.

CONCLUSIONS

The well known positive effect of moderate consumption of red wine on haemostasis seems due to alcohol and not to the non-alcoholic fraction present in red wine.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Milan, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8730606

Citation

Pellegrini, N, et al. "Effects of Moderate Consumption of Red Wine On Platelet Aggregation and Haemostatic Variables in Healthy Volunteers." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 50, no. 4, 1996, pp. 209-13.
Pellegrini N, Pareti FI, Stabile F, et al. Effects of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic variables in healthy volunteers. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996;50(4):209-13.
Pellegrini, N., Pareti, F. I., Stabile, F., Brusamolino, A., & Simonetti, P. (1996). Effects of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic variables in healthy volunteers. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 50(4), pp. 209-13.
Pellegrini N, et al. Effects of Moderate Consumption of Red Wine On Platelet Aggregation and Haemostatic Variables in Healthy Volunteers. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996;50(4):209-13. PubMed PMID: 8730606.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic variables in healthy volunteers. AU - Pellegrini,N, AU - Pareti,F I, AU - Stabile,F, AU - Brusamolino,A, AU - Simonetti,P, PY - 1996/4/1/pubmed PY - 1996/4/1/medline PY - 1996/4/1/entrez SP - 209 EP - 13 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 50 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of moderate consumption of red wine on platelet aggregation and haemostatic variables, discriminating the effect of alcohol from that of non-alcoholic components. DESIGN: A randomised crossover study. SETTING: The Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Milan. SUBJECTS: Eleven healthy male volunteers who were moderate drinkers. INTERVENTIONS: For three periods of four weeks, subjects drank three different beverages [320 ml of red wine (providing 30 g/day of alcohol), 30 g/day of alcohol diluted in 320 ml of clear fruit juice or 320 ml of dealcoholised red wine] during the two main meals. Each treatment was preceded by a period of four weeks of complete withdrawal from any alcoholic beverage. At the end of each period platelet aggregation after collagen and ADP stimulus, and levels of fibrinogen, plasminogen, tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were determined. RESULTS: Consumption for a period of four weeks of 30 g/day of alcohol either from red wine or alcohol resulted in similar decreases of collagen-induced platelet aggregation and fibrinogen levels. ADP-induced platelet aggregation, t-PA antigen, vWF and plasminogen levels were not affected by any treatment. No differences were detected when we compared platelet function and the other haemostatic variables at the end of red wine and dealcoholised treatments with findings at the end of alcohol treatment and abstinence. CONCLUSIONS: The well known positive effect of moderate consumption of red wine on haemostasis seems due to alcohol and not to the non-alcoholic fraction present in red wine. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8730606/Effects_of_moderate_consumption_of_red_wine_on_platelet_aggregation_and_haemostatic_variables_in_healthy_volunteers_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -