The Na+/K(+)-pump in rat peritoneal mast cells: some aspects of regulation of activity and cellular function.Dan Med Bull. 1995 Nov; 42(5):441-54.DM
The mast cell contains potent mediators of inflammation which are released after IgE-directed and non-IgE-directed stimulation of the cell. This highly specialized cell is therefore ascribed a role in the pathogenesis of disease states in which the inflammatory response plays a role for the development of the clinical symptoms. Thus, besides being of interest in basic research, studies of the cellular processes leading to release of inflammatory mediators from the mast cell also have important clinical implications. The aim of the present work has been to document the existence of the Na+/K(+)-pump in rat peritoneal mast cells, to investigate the regulation of the pump activity and to explore whether modulation of the pump activity interferes with the cellular stimulus/secretion coupling mechanism. The Na+/K(+)-pump activity following stimulation of the mast cell was also investigated. The pump activity was assessed as the ouabain-sensitive cellular potassium uptake with 86Rb+ as a tracer for potassium. The histamine release from the mast cell following IgE-directed and non-IgE directed stimulation of the cell was used as a parameter for cellular degranulation. Histamine was measured by spectrofluorometry. The finding of an ouabain-sensitive uptake mechanism in the mast cell documents the presence of a functional Na+/K(+)-pump in this cell. The pump activity is inhibited by lanthanides and by the divalent cations calcium, magnesium, barium and strontium. The pump has a large reserve capacity which probably is caused by a low intracellular concentration of sodium. This enables the pump to respond to changes in the intracellular sodium concentration. The inhibitory effect of di- and trivalent ions on the pump activity is probably a result of the inhibitory effect of these ions on the cellular sodium uptake. The digitalis glycosides, ouabain and digoxin, but not the more lipophilic drug digitoxigenin, increase both IgE-directed and non-IgE-directed histamine release from the mast cell in a calcium-free medium, while there is no effect of digitalis glycosides in a medium containing physiologically relevant concentrations of calcium. The effect of digitalis glycosides on the histamine release is dependent on the drug concentrations used and the time of preincubation. An increase in the intracellular concentration of sodium secondary to inhibition of the Na+/K(+)-pump is the effector mechanism likely to explain the effect of digitalis glycosides on the mast cell histamine release. Increases in intracellular sodium might affect the intracellular concentration of calcium via changes in Na+/Ca(2+)-exchange. IgE-directed and non-IgE-directed stimulation of the mast cell activates the Na+/K(+)-pump. In case of compound 48/80-induced histamine release, the pump is stimulated for at least 2 hr. It is proposed, that the poststimulatory activation of the Na+/K(+)-pump is due to increased cellular sodium uptake associated with the release process. This sodium uptake may occur via Na+/Ca(2+)-exchange, Na+/H(+)-exchange, Na+/K+/2Cl(-)-cotransport or a non-selective ion channel. Besides describing aspects of the function and regulation of the Na+/K(+)-pump in the rat peritoneal mast cells, this thesis points to the potential role of sodium transport mechanisms in mast cell physiology. Pharmacological manipulations of such transport mechanisms might in the future add to the treatment of allergic diseases.