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Laser Doppler and transcutaneous oximetry: modern investigations to assess drug efficacy in chronic venous insufficiency.
Int J Microcirc Clin Exp. 1995; 15 Suppl 1:45-9.IJ

Abstract

During chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), microcirculatory changes, e.g. a decrease in transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcpO2) and an increase in transcutaneous carbon dioxide pressure (tcpCO2), are implicated in the pathophysiology of trophic disorders leading ultimately to venous ulcers. Daflon 500 mg1, a micronized purified flavonoid fraction, has been shown to improve venous tone, capillary permeability and resistance, and lymphagogue activity at a daily dose of 2 tablets. To assess the effects of Daflon 500 mg on microcirculatory parameters by means of laser Doppler fluxmetry and transcutaneous oxiketry, a 3-month, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group study was carried out in 104 patients divided into 3 groups according to the daily dose: 1 tablet (group 1, n = 34), 2 tablets (group 2, n = 33), on 4 tablets (group 3, n = 37). All patients (mean age 43.7 +/- 13.1 years; 100 females, 4 males) included in the study were affected by mild CVI. They were followed for 90 days with visits at 1 month (day 28) and 3 months (day 90). At inclusion, there were no significant differences between groups as regards biometric data, mean tcpO2 (group 1, 62.7 +/- 4.5 mm Hg; group 2, 64.0 +/- 3.3 mm Hg; group 3, 64.1 +/- 3.5 mm Hg), mean tcpCO2 (group 1, 40.7 +/- 2.5 mm Hg; group 2, 39.3 +/- 2.9 mm Hg; group 3, 40.0 +/- 2.5 mm Hg) and laser Doppler parameters. Fourteen patients withdrew from the study (group 1, n = 4; group 2, n = 3; group 3, n = 7): 9 for reasons not related to treatment, 3 for adverse events, 2 because they were lost to follow-up. From day 0 to day 90, mean tcpO2 significantly increased (p < 0.001) in each group (group 1, 3.0 +/- 2.1 mm Hg; group 2, 2.9 +/- 2.1 mm Hg; group 3, 2.5 +/- 1.6 mm Hg), mean tcpCO2 significantly decreased (p < 0.001) in each group (group 1, 2.6 +/- 2.0 mm Hg; group 2, 1.7 +/- 1.9 mm Hg; group 3, 2.2 +/- 1.5 mm Hg). No significant differences were observed between groups. Laser Doppler parameters remained unchanged from day 0 to day 90 in the 3 groups. Symptoms (discomfort, pain, heaviness, burning sensation) and signs (oedema) of CVI as well as perimetric measurements of calf and supramalleolar area were significantly improved in the 3 groups. In conclusion, during this 3-month study, Daflon 500 mg improved oximetric measurements and did not alter laser Doppler parameters. These data suggest that Daflon 500 mg, at the early stages of CVI, acts favourably on the microcirculatory disturbances also involved in the pathophysiology of more severe stages of CVI.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centra di Angiologia Clinical Pierangeli, Pescara, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8748889

Citation

Belcaro, G, et al. "Laser Doppler and Transcutaneous Oximetry: Modern Investigations to Assess Drug Efficacy in Chronic Venous Insufficiency." International Journal of Microcirculation, Clinical and Experimental, vol. 15 Suppl 1, 1995, pp. 45-9.
Belcaro G, Cesarone MR, de Sanctis MT, et al. Laser Doppler and transcutaneous oximetry: modern investigations to assess drug efficacy in chronic venous insufficiency. Int J Microcirc Clin Exp. 1995;15 Suppl 1:45-9.
Belcaro, G., Cesarone, M. R., de Sanctis, M. T., Incandela, L., Laurora, G., Février, B., Wargon, C., & De Gregoris, P. (1995). Laser Doppler and transcutaneous oximetry: modern investigations to assess drug efficacy in chronic venous insufficiency. International Journal of Microcirculation, Clinical and Experimental, 15 Suppl 1, 45-9.
Belcaro G, et al. Laser Doppler and Transcutaneous Oximetry: Modern Investigations to Assess Drug Efficacy in Chronic Venous Insufficiency. Int J Microcirc Clin Exp. 1995;15 Suppl 1:45-9. PubMed PMID: 8748889.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Laser Doppler and transcutaneous oximetry: modern investigations to assess drug efficacy in chronic venous insufficiency. AU - Belcaro,G, AU - Cesarone,M R, AU - de Sanctis,M T, AU - Incandela,L, AU - Laurora,G, AU - Février,B, AU - Wargon,C, AU - De Gregoris,P, PY - 1995/1/1/pubmed PY - 1995/1/1/medline PY - 1995/1/1/entrez SP - 45 EP - 9 JF - International journal of microcirculation, clinical and experimental JO - Int J Microcirc Clin Exp VL - 15 Suppl 1 N2 - During chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), microcirculatory changes, e.g. a decrease in transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcpO2) and an increase in transcutaneous carbon dioxide pressure (tcpCO2), are implicated in the pathophysiology of trophic disorders leading ultimately to venous ulcers. Daflon 500 mg1, a micronized purified flavonoid fraction, has been shown to improve venous tone, capillary permeability and resistance, and lymphagogue activity at a daily dose of 2 tablets. To assess the effects of Daflon 500 mg on microcirculatory parameters by means of laser Doppler fluxmetry and transcutaneous oxiketry, a 3-month, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group study was carried out in 104 patients divided into 3 groups according to the daily dose: 1 tablet (group 1, n = 34), 2 tablets (group 2, n = 33), on 4 tablets (group 3, n = 37). All patients (mean age 43.7 +/- 13.1 years; 100 females, 4 males) included in the study were affected by mild CVI. They were followed for 90 days with visits at 1 month (day 28) and 3 months (day 90). At inclusion, there were no significant differences between groups as regards biometric data, mean tcpO2 (group 1, 62.7 +/- 4.5 mm Hg; group 2, 64.0 +/- 3.3 mm Hg; group 3, 64.1 +/- 3.5 mm Hg), mean tcpCO2 (group 1, 40.7 +/- 2.5 mm Hg; group 2, 39.3 +/- 2.9 mm Hg; group 3, 40.0 +/- 2.5 mm Hg) and laser Doppler parameters. Fourteen patients withdrew from the study (group 1, n = 4; group 2, n = 3; group 3, n = 7): 9 for reasons not related to treatment, 3 for adverse events, 2 because they were lost to follow-up. From day 0 to day 90, mean tcpO2 significantly increased (p < 0.001) in each group (group 1, 3.0 +/- 2.1 mm Hg; group 2, 2.9 +/- 2.1 mm Hg; group 3, 2.5 +/- 1.6 mm Hg), mean tcpCO2 significantly decreased (p < 0.001) in each group (group 1, 2.6 +/- 2.0 mm Hg; group 2, 1.7 +/- 1.9 mm Hg; group 3, 2.2 +/- 1.5 mm Hg). No significant differences were observed between groups. Laser Doppler parameters remained unchanged from day 0 to day 90 in the 3 groups. Symptoms (discomfort, pain, heaviness, burning sensation) and signs (oedema) of CVI as well as perimetric measurements of calf and supramalleolar area were significantly improved in the 3 groups. In conclusion, during this 3-month study, Daflon 500 mg improved oximetric measurements and did not alter laser Doppler parameters. These data suggest that Daflon 500 mg, at the early stages of CVI, acts favourably on the microcirculatory disturbances also involved in the pathophysiology of more severe stages of CVI. SN - 0167-6865 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8748889/Laser_Doppler_and_transcutaneous_oximetry:_modern_investigations_to_assess_drug_efficacy_in_chronic_venous_insufficiency_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -