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A novel demonstration of enhanced memory associated with emotional arousal.
Conscious Cogn. 1995 Dec; 4(4):410-21.CC

Abstract

The relationship between emotional arousal and long-term memory is addressed in two experiments in which subjects viewed either a relatively emotionally neutral short story (presented as a brief slide show) or a closely matched but more emotionally arousing story and were tested for retention of the story 2 weeks later. Experiment 1 provides an essential replication of the results of Heuer and Reisberg (1990) and illustrates the common interpretive problem posed by the use of different stimuli (slides) in the neutral versus emotional stories. In Experiment 2, identical slides (and sequence) were used in both the neutral and arousal stories. Two different stories were created by varying the narration that accompanied each slide. In both experiments, subjects who viewed the arousal story both experienced a greater emotional reaction to the story than did the subjects who viewed the neutral story, and subsequently exhibited enhanced memory for the story. Subjects in Experiment 2 who viewed the arousal story also recalled more slides than did the subjects who viewed the neutral story. This effect was greatest for story phase 2, the phase in which the emotional slide narration occurred. Because this enhanced retention of the story slides cannot be explained by any differences in the slides themselves, the results provide new evidence to support the contention that emotional arousal influences long-term memory in normal human subjects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychobiology, University of California, Irvine 92717-3800, USA. lcahill@parker.bio.uci.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8750416

Citation

Cahill, L, and J L. McGaugh. "A Novel Demonstration of Enhanced Memory Associated With Emotional Arousal." Consciousness and Cognition, vol. 4, no. 4, 1995, pp. 410-21.
Cahill L, McGaugh JL. A novel demonstration of enhanced memory associated with emotional arousal. Conscious Cogn. 1995;4(4):410-21.
Cahill, L., & McGaugh, J. L. (1995). A novel demonstration of enhanced memory associated with emotional arousal. Consciousness and Cognition, 4(4), 410-21.
Cahill L, McGaugh JL. A Novel Demonstration of Enhanced Memory Associated With Emotional Arousal. Conscious Cogn. 1995;4(4):410-21. PubMed PMID: 8750416.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A novel demonstration of enhanced memory associated with emotional arousal. AU - Cahill,L, AU - McGaugh,J L, PY - 1995/12/1/pubmed PY - 1995/12/1/medline PY - 1995/12/1/entrez SP - 410 EP - 21 JF - Consciousness and cognition JO - Conscious Cogn VL - 4 IS - 4 N2 - The relationship between emotional arousal and long-term memory is addressed in two experiments in which subjects viewed either a relatively emotionally neutral short story (presented as a brief slide show) or a closely matched but more emotionally arousing story and were tested for retention of the story 2 weeks later. Experiment 1 provides an essential replication of the results of Heuer and Reisberg (1990) and illustrates the common interpretive problem posed by the use of different stimuli (slides) in the neutral versus emotional stories. In Experiment 2, identical slides (and sequence) were used in both the neutral and arousal stories. Two different stories were created by varying the narration that accompanied each slide. In both experiments, subjects who viewed the arousal story both experienced a greater emotional reaction to the story than did the subjects who viewed the neutral story, and subsequently exhibited enhanced memory for the story. Subjects in Experiment 2 who viewed the arousal story also recalled more slides than did the subjects who viewed the neutral story. This effect was greatest for story phase 2, the phase in which the emotional slide narration occurred. Because this enhanced retention of the story slides cannot be explained by any differences in the slides themselves, the results provide new evidence to support the contention that emotional arousal influences long-term memory in normal human subjects. SN - 1053-8100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8750416/A_novel_demonstration_of_enhanced_memory_associated_with_emotional_arousal_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1053-8100(85)71048-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -