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Auditory priming for nonverbal information: Implicit and explicit memory for environmental sounds.
Conscious Cogn. 1995 Dec; 4(4):440-58.CC

Abstract

Three experiments examined repetition priming for meaningful environmental sounds (e.g., clock ticking, tooth brushing, toilet flushing, etc.) in a sound stem identification paradigm using brief sound cues. Prior encoding of target sounds together with their associated names facilitated subsequent identification of sound stems relative to nonstudied controls. In contrast, prior exposure to the names alone in the absence of the environmental sounds did not prime subsequent sound stem identification performance at all (Experiments 1 and 3). Explicit and implicit memory were dissociated such that sound stem cued recall was higher following semantic than nonsemantic encoding, whereas sound priming was insensitive to manipulations of depth of encoding (Experiments 2 and 3). These results extend the findings of long-term repetition priming into the auditory nonverbal domain and suggest that priming for environmental sounds is mediated primarily by perceptual processes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8750418

Citation

Chiu, C Y., and D L. Schacter. "Auditory Priming for Nonverbal Information: Implicit and Explicit Memory for Environmental Sounds." Consciousness and Cognition, vol. 4, no. 4, 1995, pp. 440-58.
Chiu CY, Schacter DL. Auditory priming for nonverbal information: Implicit and explicit memory for environmental sounds. Conscious Cogn. 1995;4(4):440-58.
Chiu, C. Y., & Schacter, D. L. (1995). Auditory priming for nonverbal information: Implicit and explicit memory for environmental sounds. Consciousness and Cognition, 4(4), 440-58.
Chiu CY, Schacter DL. Auditory Priming for Nonverbal Information: Implicit and Explicit Memory for Environmental Sounds. Conscious Cogn. 1995;4(4):440-58. PubMed PMID: 8750418.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Auditory priming for nonverbal information: Implicit and explicit memory for environmental sounds. AU - Chiu,C Y, AU - Schacter,D L, PY - 1995/12/1/pubmed PY - 1995/12/1/medline PY - 1995/12/1/entrez SP - 440 EP - 58 JF - Consciousness and cognition JO - Conscious Cogn VL - 4 IS - 4 N2 - Three experiments examined repetition priming for meaningful environmental sounds (e.g., clock ticking, tooth brushing, toilet flushing, etc.) in a sound stem identification paradigm using brief sound cues. Prior encoding of target sounds together with their associated names facilitated subsequent identification of sound stems relative to nonstudied controls. In contrast, prior exposure to the names alone in the absence of the environmental sounds did not prime subsequent sound stem identification performance at all (Experiments 1 and 3). Explicit and implicit memory were dissociated such that sound stem cued recall was higher following semantic than nonsemantic encoding, whereas sound priming was insensitive to manipulations of depth of encoding (Experiments 2 and 3). These results extend the findings of long-term repetition priming into the auditory nonverbal domain and suggest that priming for environmental sounds is mediated primarily by perceptual processes. SN - 1053-8100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8750418/Auditory_priming_for_nonverbal_information:_Implicit_and_explicit_memory_for_environmental_sounds_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1053-8100(85)71050-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -