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Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy: operational implications.
Indian Pediatr 1995; 32(12):1287-96IP

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the independent predictors of exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy.

DESIGN

Cross sectional multivariate comparison of different breastfeeding categories.

SETTING

Urban teaching hospital Outpatient Department.

SUBJECTS

Mothers of 501 children between the age group of 0-6 months were questioned in detail on a standardized pretested proforma about various sociodemographic, parental, infant, feeding related, antenatal and perinatal characteristics likely to affect breastfeeding practices. Mother's height and weight and infant's weight were also recorded.

RESULTS

The exclusive breastfeeding, predominant breastfeeding, bottle feeding, ever breastfed and timely first suckling rates were 44.9%, 67.8%, 31.5%, 99.4% and 10.4%, respectively. Amongst the 29 factors subjected to univariate analyses, 16 clinically relevant or significant (p < 0.1) variables were included for multiple logistic regression models. The significant (p < 0.05) positive independent association for exclusive and partial breastfeeding were (OR) infant's present weight (1.45 to 9.64); breastmilk as first feed (1.53 to 2.22); and lower age of child (1.02 to 1.05). Additional important predictors for exclusive breastfeeding versus total top feeding) were (OR) breastfeeding propagation (1.34 and 2.99); less educated mother (1.09 and 1.23); normal vaginal delivery (1.60) and taller mother (1.21).

CONCLUSIONS

Breastfeeding propagation plays a key role in promoting exclusive breastfeeding. Other independent negative predictors represent a high risk subset for whom intensive propagation is desirable since these factors by themselves may not be amenable to intervention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8772886

Citation

Sachdev, H P., and S Mehrotra. "Predictors of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Early Infancy: Operational Implications." Indian Pediatrics, vol. 32, no. 12, 1995, pp. 1287-96.
Sachdev HP, Mehrotra S. Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy: operational implications. Indian Pediatr. 1995;32(12):1287-96.
Sachdev, H. P., & Mehrotra, S. (1995). Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy: operational implications. Indian Pediatrics, 32(12), pp. 1287-96.
Sachdev HP, Mehrotra S. Predictors of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Early Infancy: Operational Implications. Indian Pediatr. 1995;32(12):1287-96. PubMed PMID: 8772886.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy: operational implications. AU - Sachdev,H P, AU - Mehrotra,S, PY - 1995/12/1/pubmed PY - 1995/12/1/medline PY - 1995/12/1/entrez KW - Age Factors KW - Asia KW - Bottle Feeding--determinants KW - Breast Feeding--determinants KW - Correlation Studies KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Health KW - India KW - Infant KW - Infant Nutrition KW - Measurement KW - Nutrition KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Prevalence KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Southern Asia KW - Statistical Studies KW - Studies KW - Supplementary Feeding--determinants KW - Youth SP - 1287 EP - 96 JF - Indian pediatrics JO - Indian Pediatr VL - 32 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the independent predictors of exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy. DESIGN: Cross sectional multivariate comparison of different breastfeeding categories. SETTING: Urban teaching hospital Outpatient Department. SUBJECTS: Mothers of 501 children between the age group of 0-6 months were questioned in detail on a standardized pretested proforma about various sociodemographic, parental, infant, feeding related, antenatal and perinatal characteristics likely to affect breastfeeding practices. Mother's height and weight and infant's weight were also recorded. RESULTS: The exclusive breastfeeding, predominant breastfeeding, bottle feeding, ever breastfed and timely first suckling rates were 44.9%, 67.8%, 31.5%, 99.4% and 10.4%, respectively. Amongst the 29 factors subjected to univariate analyses, 16 clinically relevant or significant (p < 0.1) variables were included for multiple logistic regression models. The significant (p < 0.05) positive independent association for exclusive and partial breastfeeding were (OR) infant's present weight (1.45 to 9.64); breastmilk as first feed (1.53 to 2.22); and lower age of child (1.02 to 1.05). Additional important predictors for exclusive breastfeeding versus total top feeding) were (OR) breastfeeding propagation (1.34 and 2.99); less educated mother (1.09 and 1.23); normal vaginal delivery (1.60) and taller mother (1.21). CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding propagation plays a key role in promoting exclusive breastfeeding. Other independent negative predictors represent a high risk subset for whom intensive propagation is desirable since these factors by themselves may not be amenable to intervention. SN - 0019-6061 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8772886/Predictors_of_exclusive_breastfeeding_in_early_infancy:_operational_implications_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/breastfeeding.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -