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Adolescents' perceived risk for STDs and HIV infection.
J Adolesc Health. 1996 Mar; 18(3):177-81.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

(1) To determine whether adolescents systematically underestimate their relative risk for STDs and HIV; and (2) to determine to what extent anxiety about STDs and HIV, past condom use, number of lifetime partners and STD/HIV-related beliefs predict perceived relative risk.

METHODS

Two hundred and thirty-one sexually experienced, racially diverse, urban high school teenagers (mean age = 15.5 years; 53% male) were surveyed regarding their STD/HIV-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.

RESULTS

The subjects did not perceive themselves to be at lower risk compared to their perceptions of the risk of other people their age for STDs or HIV. Using hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis, perceptions of lower relative risk for STDs and for HIV were predicted by higher levels of anxiety (p < .001) but not by past condom use, number of lifetime partners or STD/HIV-related beliefs (p > .05).

CONCLUSIONS

Adolescents' perceptions of risk appear to be related to anxiety about STDs and HIV and their behaviors may be related to peer influences and attitudes toward using condoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8777193

Citation

Ellen, J M., et al. "Adolescents' Perceived Risk for STDs and HIV Infection." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 18, no. 3, 1996, pp. 177-81.
Ellen JM, Boyer CB, Tschann JM, et al. Adolescents' perceived risk for STDs and HIV infection. J Adolesc Health. 1996;18(3):177-81.
Ellen, J. M., Boyer, C. B., Tschann, J. M., & Shafer, M. A. (1996). Adolescents' perceived risk for STDs and HIV infection. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 18(3), 177-81.
Ellen JM, et al. Adolescents' Perceived Risk for STDs and HIV Infection. J Adolesc Health. 1996;18(3):177-81. PubMed PMID: 8777193.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adolescents' perceived risk for STDs and HIV infection. AU - Ellen,J M, AU - Boyer,C B, AU - Tschann,J M, AU - Shafer,M A, PY - 1996/3/1/pubmed PY - 1996/3/1/medline PY - 1996/3/1/entrez KW - Adolescents KW - Age Factors KW - Americas KW - Attitude KW - Behavior KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developed Countries KW - Diseases KW - Evaluation KW - Hiv Infections KW - Infections KW - North America KW - Northern America KW - Perception KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Psychological Factors KW - Reproductive Tract Infections KW - Research Methodology KW - Risk Assessment KW - Risk Behavior KW - Sampling Studies KW - Self-perception KW - Sexually Transmitted Diseases KW - Studies KW - Surveys KW - United States KW - Viral Diseases KW - Youth SP - 177 EP - 81 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 18 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: (1) To determine whether adolescents systematically underestimate their relative risk for STDs and HIV; and (2) to determine to what extent anxiety about STDs and HIV, past condom use, number of lifetime partners and STD/HIV-related beliefs predict perceived relative risk. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-one sexually experienced, racially diverse, urban high school teenagers (mean age = 15.5 years; 53% male) were surveyed regarding their STD/HIV-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. RESULTS: The subjects did not perceive themselves to be at lower risk compared to their perceptions of the risk of other people their age for STDs or HIV. Using hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis, perceptions of lower relative risk for STDs and for HIV were predicted by higher levels of anxiety (p < .001) but not by past condom use, number of lifetime partners or STD/HIV-related beliefs (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents' perceptions of risk appear to be related to anxiety about STDs and HIV and their behaviors may be related to peer influences and attitudes toward using condoms. SN - 1054-139X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8777193/Adolescents'_perceived_risk_for_STDs_and_HIV_infection_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/1054-139X(94)00103-L DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -